Florence School of Regulation workshop on grid development projects: a video


The EU needs to invest into developing its energy infrastructure if we want energy to flow from Portugal to Poland and from Finland to Italy.  The workshop on 24 October looked at the tools used to decide which projects of grid development are of a common interest for the European energy market. Watch the speakers present their contributions.



Converging pathways : Spain and the European integration process

Edited by Cristina Blanco Sio-Lopez and Susana Munoz

Europe: the fruit of a willing construction that superseded much of its past darkness by gradually transforming numerous walls, prejudices and conflicts into bridges of cooperation and mutually enriching developments. Spain: An amalgam of creative tensions, of groundbreaking realisations, of successively frustrated and regained horizons and of long fought hopes. The key question in this realm is: Do they still revolve around converging pathways?

Committed to reform? Pragmatic antitrust enforcement in electricity markets

By Malgorzata Sadowska

This book provides in-depth case studies of EU competition enforcement in the electricity sector. It shows how the Commission bends and stretches competition law beyond its proper limits to accommodate non-competition goals. The book’s cross-disciplinary approach and clear, straightforward language makes it a good read for both lawyers and economists interested in the interplay between the EU competition and energy policies and their impact on electricity markets

Cultural heritage in international investment law and arbitration

By Valentina Vadi

Can states adopt protectionist cultural policies? What are the limits, if any, to state intervention in cultural matters? A wide variety of cultural policies may interfere with foreign investments, and a tension therefore exists between the cultural policies of the host state and investment treaty provisions. This study maps the relevant investor-state arbitrations concerning cultural elements and shows that arbitrators have increasingly taken cultural concerns into consideration in deciding cases brought before them.