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Israel, Academic Career Structure

Israel

Higher Education in Israel

The higher education system in Israel was founded in the 1920s with the opening of the first universities and underwent a major development in the 1950s and 1960s. With the creation of the Open University in the 1970s the offer of higher education was further diversified. Starting from the 1990s, the system has began to expand with the opening of a number of academic colleges. Between 2005 and 2006 Israel had 62 institutions of higher education, among which 8 universities and 27 non-university academic institutions (both publicly and non-publicly funded).

There are seven universities that carry out teaching and research and which offer undergraduate and graduate programmes in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and business administration. These universities are: the Technion–Israel Institute of Technology, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv University, Bar-Ilan University, the University of Haifa, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, and the Weizmann Institute of Science (a research institute that offers graduate programmes).

The Open University in Israel offers undergraduate courses (and in some cases graduate courses) in the humanities, social sciences, business administration, and natural sciences. The Open University is based on distance-teaching. It is interesting to notice that recently the number of students in the areas of the social sciences and humanities - but also business, management and mathematics - has increased compared to those in natural sciences.

The 1958 Council for Higher Education Law (and its subsequent amendments) is the cornerstone of the Israeli higher education system. It regulates the functioning and powers of the Council for Higher Education (chaired by the Minister of Education), and the accreditation procedures concerning higher education institutions.

Universities are autonomous with respect to the management of their academic and administrative affairs. They are also responsible for their courses. Accredited universities and institutions are funded above all by the state, which provide more for more then two-thirds of their their budgets.

 
 

Career Curriculum

Lecturer

Senior Lecturer

Associate Professor

Professor

 

Requirements for Positions

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Research Career

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Barriers to Career Advancement

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Job Security

All positions but that of lecturer are entitled to tenure.

 

Contracts and Duties

By contract lecturers have a weekly workload of 6 hours (three lectures)

 

Sabbatical Opportunities

Senior lecturers are entitled to a bit less than two moths of paid sabbatical.

 

Gross Salaries

Gross monthly salary levels from 2007 (exchange rate as of 6 June 2008)

-StartAverageMax

PhD Candidate

--

--

--

Postdoc

--

--

--

Lecturers

--

2,650

--

Senior lecturer

--

3.029

--

Assistant Professor

--

--

--

Associate Professor

--

3.597

--

Full Professor

--

4.733

--

Source: Haaretz, 'University wage: up to NIS 25,000 a month', 25 October 2007.

Salaries are fixed and negotiated at the national level between the Ministry of Education and the official academic union of senior faculty. Variations within a position depend on seniority. No difference in salary exists between universities and disciplines.

 

Number of Existing Positions

------All Disciplines

PhD Candidate

--

--

--

Postdoc

--

--

--

Lecturers

--

--

900

Senior lecturer

--

--

1,300

Assistant Professor

--

--

--

Associate Professor

--

--

1,000

Full Professors

--

--

1,300

Source: Haaretz, 'University wage: up to NIS 25,000 a month', 25 October 2007.

These numbers comprise to all universities but the Open University.

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Internal Recruitment

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Accessibility for Non-Nationals

Language can be a barrier to access for non-nationals. The main language of university instruction is Hebrew, although some courses and programmes are in English. English is the official language of study at the Feinberg Graduate School of the Weizmann Institute of Science.

 

National Universities

The eight Israeli universities are:

 

Research Institutions

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Academic Unions

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Useful Websites

 

Info for History

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Info for Economics

 

Info for Law

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Info for Social and Political Science

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Postdoctoral Information

Israeli universities have postdoctoral programmes lasting up to two years in the natural sciences, the social sciences and humanities. Universities and the Council for Higher Education are particularly interested in attracting researchers from North America and Western Europe. Annual fellowships of US $22.500 (slightly over 14,000 as of June 2008) are available. Candidates are advised to get in contact with the professor with whom they would like to do research.

 

Websites for Job Postings

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Sources

Council for Higher Education

Isreali Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Universities Colleges - Higher Education in Israel

Limor, N. (1999) The Higher Education System in Israel, in International Higher Education, Spring 1999.

Haaretz, 'University wage: up to NIS 25,000 a month', 25 October 2007.
Vox, 'Brain Drained: A Tale of Two Countries', by Dan Ben-David, 14 March 2008.

 

Special thanks to:

Nadav Ben Zeev, Max Weber Fellow, 2012-2013

 

Page last updated on 21 December 2016