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Ukraine, Academic Career Structure

Ukraine

 

 

Higher Education in Ukraine

All institutions of higher education in Ukraine fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education and Research.

In 2007, Ukraine had 350 universities and higher education establishments which are authorised to offer undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degrees. Approximately one third of these establishments are private.

The public institutions rely on external funding from private companies and charities, because the state funding is not sufficient to maintain a high level of teaching and research. This external funding constitutes the major proportion of the universities' annual budget. It should be noted that all education in Ukraine is free of charge.

 

Career Curriculum

1. Ph.D. Candidate (Aspirantura)
2. Research Assistant (Laborant)
3. Junior Lecturer (Vykladach)
4. Lecturer (Starshiy Vykladach)
5. Docent
6. Professor/Chairholder

The average age when finishing the Ph.D. is 30; for passing the Habilitation (Professor) it is 50.

 

Requirements for Positions

A Ph.D. degree is required for postdoctoral research and for an appointment as senior lecturer. In order to become professor, one must possess considerable teaching and academic supervision experience as well as the habilitation.

The habilitation is a research degree (Doktor nauk), which can be obtained after publication of a substantive monograph and at least 20 articles of high quality. After obtaining this research degree, a holder can apply for a chair holder position.

Career promotion at Ukrainian universities reflects the acquisition of a research degree (Ph.D. or habilitation), the production of academic articles and books, long teaching experience and the ability to successfully supervise at least 3 Ph.D. candidates.

Promotion is based on peer judgements about the competence of the individual. It is necessary to document academic research and teaching skills to apply for promotion. Promotion can only be granted within the same academic discipline. The promotion is locally managed; each institution is responsible for the assessment of applications from their own staff. However, the final approval is given by the Ministry of Education and Research. Of course, promotion can also be granted when applying for a position in open competition at another institution.

There are also temporary lecturer positions and these are not eligible for the same competence based promotion rules. When holding a temporary position the only way to be promoted is to apply for a position in open competition with other applicants.

 

Research Career

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Barriers to Career Advancement

Career advancement at Ukrainian universities depends on the acquisition of research degrees by a young academic. This preference is justified by the fact that the priority requirement for the annual accreditation of Ukrainian universities and higher education establishments is the percentage of academic staff that possesses research degrees. In order to obtain the highest (IV) level of accreditation from the Ministry of Education and Research, more than 75% of teaching staff must possess PhD degrees and at least 10% the habilitation.

In principle, any member of academic staff with a research degree and minimal publication record is eligible for further promotion. However, the process of obtaining a research degree is highly bureaucratised and formalised. Sometimes, young academics do not sustain pressure of formal procedures to obtain a research degree.

Another barrier is the absence of academic mobility in Ukraine. Once appointed to a permanent position at a Ukrainian university, an academic rarely moves to another university in another region of Ukraine due to financial and logistics difficulties.

 

Job Security

Almost all professors, docents and senior lecturers have 5-10 years contracts. Some full professors have permanent contracts.

Junior lecturers, postdocs and research assistants usually have 1-5 years temporary contracts.

Security in Ukrainian academia is thus very low, but once appointed lecturer or professor it is very rare that a contract is not extended.

 

Contracts and Duties

Both research and teaching are expected in all academic positions. The minimum teaching load for a full-time position is 770 teaching hours/year, but many do more. It is expected that both professors and lecturers teach graduate as well as undergraduate students.

In addition to teaching, every member of the teaching staff is expected to produce several academic articles or a monograph every academic year and to obtain a research degree (if not obtained yet).

 

Sabbatical Opportunities

Full-time teaching staff of Ukrainian higher education establishments can apply for 1 year sabbatical leave for conducting individual research. However, due to financial restrains (salary is not kept in full amount for the duration of the sabbatical) very few academics use this opportunity.

 

Gross Salaries

Gross monthly salaries (September 2006)

-StartAverageMax

PhD Candidate

--

50 €/month
(300 UAH)

--

Postdoc

--

100 €/month
(670 UAH)

--

Junior Lecturer

--

200 €/month
(1.340 UAH)

--

Senior Lecturer

--

400 €/month
(2.680 UAH)

--

Professor

--

1.000 €/month
(6.600 UAH)

--

Source: Donetsk National University.

Note: There is no official set salary level. These numbers are from Donetsk National University. The tax level is around 20%.

 

Number of Existing Positions

Number of existing positions

------All Disciplines

PhD Candidate

--

--

--

Postdoc

--

--

--

Junior Lecturer

--

--

--

Senior Lecturer

--

--

--

Professor

--

--

--

Source:

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Internal Recruitment

There is extremely low mobility in Ukrainian academia among academics and students. Among students, 95% continue their postgraduate training at the same institution where they had their basic degree. Two-thirds of professors at an institution received their Ph.D. and habilitation from the same place.

 

Accessibility for Non-Nationals

Ukrainian and Russian are the most widely used languages in all national universities. However, the proportion of courses taught in Ukrainian is steadily increasing. Very few universities offer postgraduate courses in English. As a result, the influx of international students to Ukrainian higher education establishments is very low. International students mainly come from developing countries.

 

National Universities

The main national universities are:

 

Research Institutions

Research activities in Ukraine are accumulated at the National Academy of Science. This state-funded establishment conducts research through the network of about 100 state research institutions.

 

Academic Unions

Trade Union of University Teachers

 

Useful Websites

Info for History

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Info for Economics

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Info for Law

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Info for Social and Political Science

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Postdoctoral Information

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Websites for Job Postings

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Sources

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Special thanks to:

Roman Petrov, Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow, EUI 2006/08 

Page last updated on 21 December 2016