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Hunting Grounds for their Monopoly: France, Italy and the State Oilmen / Europe in the World Research Seminar

Dates:
  • Thu 16 Feb 2017 16.00 - 18.00
  Add to Calendar 2017-02-16 16:00 2017-02-16 18:00 Europe/Paris Hunting Grounds for their Monopoly: France, Italy and the State Oilmen / Europe in the World Research Seminar

The so-called ‘Age of Oil’ reached its peak in the 1950s and 1960s. In post-war Europe, the switch from coal to oil as the most important energy source caused a series of problems of political order, largely more perceived than real. Especially after the Suez crisis, European countries became aware of the dangers of a double dependency on oil: dependency on producer countries as well as on large international (mostly American) companies managing the oil industry and controlling the world market. France and Italy in particular pressed for the creation of a common European response to the problem of energy supply, and for the creation of a strong state-controlled oil industry to oppose private multinationals. However, the two countries acted more in competition than in cooperation, without being able to offer a valid alternative to the dominant energy paradigm. This presentation will compare the development of the French and Italian oil industries and the different views of oil politics in the first years of European integration, divided between advocates of a laissez-faire approach and countries that pressed for a state-led oil policy. Through the analysis of these different political sentiments, the presentation will outline the most common myths of the Age of Oil, and show that many of them are not justified by the actual mechanisms of the oil industry.

Sala Belvedere, Villa Schifanoia DD/MM/YYYY
  Sala Belvedere, Villa Schifanoia

The so-called ‘Age of Oil’ reached its peak in the 1950s and 1960s. In post-war Europe, the switch from coal to oil as the most important energy source caused a series of problems of political order, largely more perceived than real. Especially after the Suez crisis, European countries became aware of the dangers of a double dependency on oil: dependency on producer countries as well as on large international (mostly American) companies managing the oil industry and controlling the world market. France and Italy in particular pressed for the creation of a common European response to the problem of energy supply, and for the creation of a strong state-controlled oil industry to oppose private multinationals. However, the two countries acted more in competition than in cooperation, without being able to offer a valid alternative to the dominant energy paradigm. This presentation will compare the development of the French and Italian oil industries and the different views of oil politics in the first years of European integration, divided between advocates of a laissez-faire approach and countries that pressed for a state-led oil policy. Through the analysis of these different political sentiments, the presentation will outline the most common myths of the Age of Oil, and show that many of them are not justified by the actual mechanisms of the oil industry.


Location:
Sala Belvedere, Villa Schifanoia

Affiliation:
Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies
Department of Political and Social Sciences
Department of History and Civilization
Max Weber Programme

Type:
Research seminar

Organiser:
Federico Romero (EUI - HEC)
Professor Ulrich Krotz (EUI - RSCAS and SPS)
Richard Maher (EUI - RSCAS)

Contact:
Mia Saugman - Send a mail

Discussant:
Eva-Maria Muschik (EUI - Max Weber Fellow)

Speaker:
Marta Musso (EUI - Max Weber Fellow)

Links:
Global Governance Programme
EUI Data Protection Policy
 
 
 

Page last updated on 10 November 2016