Cooperation and integration in postwar Europe
Organised by Prof Federico Romero, Dr Angela Romano and Dr Pál Germuska (Senior Research Fellows)
Registration code: HEC-RS-EUCOOP-16
Mondays, 15:10 - 17:00, Sala del Torrino
Admin. Assistant: Serena Belligoli
Starts on 9 January 2017
This research seminar explores the historiography on European integration and related areas of European cooperation in the postwar period. We will first review the main interpretations and methodological approaches with the aim of familiarizing researchers with the field’s varieties of focus, methods, and analytical scope. The seminar will then concentrate on the thematic areas and international policy issues that most affected European integration in the 1970s and 1980s, reviewing the debates that reshaped integrative trends in that period. In this context, we will particularly focus on East-West relations, in direct connection with the on-going ERC research project “Looking West: The European Socialist Regimes Facing Pan-European Cooperation and the European Community" (PanEur1970s).
Seminar Preparation and Participation
Preparation: everyone is expected to thoroughly read the set texts each week. Thorough reading means attending to different dimensions of the texts:
- Identifying the author’s central arguments and how they relate to larger historical concerns and debates: how is the author responding to others in the field?
- Analyzing how the author constructs her/his argument.
- Attending to sources and evidence: how does the author correlate his/her argument to the sources? What claims do you think can be made with the adduced evidence?
- Asking yourself how the author is trying to change the way you think about the topic at hand.
Participation: everyone is expected to contribute to the discussion each week by expressing a viewpoint about the texts and salient issues, especially in relation to points 1-4 above.
We will decide whether a participant (or two) makes a brief introductory presentation on the readings each week. Please note that there is reading for the first meeting.
- Mark Gilbert, European Integration: A Concise History, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012.
- Wilfried Loth, Building Europe: A History of European Unification, Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2015.
9 January: Ideas of Europe
- Wilfried Loth, “Explaining European Integration. The Contribution from Historians.” Journal of European Integration History 14, no. 1 (2008): 8-26.
- Alan S. Milward and Vibeke Sorensen, “Interdependence or Integration?”, in Alan S. Milward et al., The Frontier of National Sovereignty: History and Theory, 1945-1992 (London: Routledge, 1993).
- Kiran Patel, “Provincializing the European Communities. Cooperation and Integration in Europe in Historical Perspective.” Contemporary European History 22, no. 4 (2013): 649-73.
16 January: Reconstruction and integration
- Alan S. Milward, The European Rescue of the Nation-State, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. Chap. 1 and 2.
- Wolfram Kaiser, Christian Democracy and the Origins of European Union, New Studies in European History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Introduction and chap. 6.
- Barry J. Eichengreen, The European Economy Since 1945: Coordinated Capitalism and Beyond, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2006. Chap. 6.
23 January: Integration and the Cold War
- N. Piers Ludlow, The history of the EC and the Cold War, unpublished essay for a forthcoming book.
- Alessandra Bitumi, Rethinking the Historiography of Transatlantic Relations in the Cold War Years: the US, Europe and the Process of European Integration, in Maurizio Vaudagna (ed.), Modern European-American Relations in the Transatlantic Space (Torino: Otto, 2015), pp. 71-95.
30 January: Common market, Empty Chair, constitutionalization (1960s)
- N. Piers Ludlow, The European Community and the Crises of the 1960s: Negotiating the Gaullist Challenge, London-New York: Routledge, 2006. Introduction and conclusion.
- Bill Davies and Morten Rasmussen, “Towards a New History of European Law”, Contemporary European History / Volume 21 / Special Issue 03 / August 2012, pp. 305-318.
- R. Dehousse & J.H.H. Weiler, The Legal Dimension in W. Wallace (ed), The Dynamics of European integration (1990).
6 February: A new international actor and its “crises”
- Aurélie Elisa Gfeller, Building a European Identity: France, the United States, and the Oil Shock, 1973-1974, New York: Berghahn Books, 2012. Introduction, chap. 6 and conclusion.
- Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol, A Europe Made of Money: The Emergence of the European Monetary System, Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press, 2012, Introduction and Conclusion
- Giuliano Garavini, “The Colonies Strike Back: The Impact of the Third World on Western Europe, 1968–1975”, Contemporary European History, 16, 3 (2007), pp. 299-319.
13 February: Enlargements: the EC becomes “Europe”
- Jürgen Elvert, ‘A fool game or a comedy of errors? EU enlargements in comparative perspective’, in Kaiser, W. & Elvert, J. (eds.) European Union Enlargement: A Comparative History, London: Routledge, 2004: 101-121.
- Antonio Varsori, “Crisis and Stabilization in Southern Europe during the 1970s: Western Strategy, European Instruments.” Journal of European Integration History XV, no. 1 (2009).
- Emma De Angelis and Eirini Karamouzi, “Enlargement and the Historical Origins of the European Community’s Democratic Identity, 1961–1978.” Contemporary European History 25, no. 3 (2016): 439–58.
20 February: Western Europe’s Ostpolitk
- Wilfried Loth: Détente and European integration in the policies of Willy Brandt and Georges Pompidou in Ludlow, N P. (ed.) European Integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitik-Westpolitik, 1965-1973. London: Routledge, 2007. pp. 53-66.
- Oliver Bange: An Intricate Web: Ostpolitik, the European Security System and German Unification. In Oliver Bange; Gottfried Niedhart (eds.) Helsinki 1975 and the transformation of Europe. New York : Berghahn Books, 2008, pp. 23-38.
- Felix J. G. Bozek, ‘Britain, European security and freer movement: the development of Britain's CSCE policy 1969–1972’, Cold War History 13:4 (2013): 439-461.
6 March: Détente’s goals and achievements
- Jussi M. Hanhimäki: Détente in Europe, 1962–1975. In Melvyn P. Leffler; Odd Arne Westad (eds.): The Cambridge history of the Cold War. Vol. 2. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. pp. 198-218, EBOOK.
- Werner D. Lippert: Economic diplomacy and East–West trade during the era of détente. Strategy or obstacle for the West? In Nuti, Leopoldo (ed.) The Crisis of Detente in Europe : From Helsinki to Gorbachev, 1975-1985, London: New York: Routledge, 2009, pp. 190-201, EBOOK.
- Angela Romano, ’Untying Cold War knots: The European Community and Eastern Europe in the long 1970s’, Cold War History 14: 2 (2014), pp. 153-173.
13 March: Single market and monetary union
- Wilfried Loth, “Negotiating the Maastricht Treaty.” Journal of European Integration History 13, no. 1 (2013): 67–83.
- Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol, “Don’t Blame the Euro: Historical Reflections on the Roots of the Eurozone Crisis.” West European Politics 37, no. 6 (2014): 1282–96.
- Federico Romero, The place of Europe in the late Cold War rise of globalization, unpublished lecture.
20 March: Roundup discussion
- Mark Gilbert, “Narrating the Process. Questioning the Progressive Story of European Integration.” Journal of Common Market Studies 46, no. 3 (June 2008): 641–62.
- Robert Bideleux, “European Integration: The Rescue of the Nation State?”, in Dan Stone, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
- Dan Stone, Goodbye to All That? A History of Europe since 1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), Introduction and conclusion, EUI Library EBOOK.
- N. Piers Ludlow, ‘Widening, Deepening and Opening Out: Towards a Fourth Decade of European Integration History’ in W. Loth (ed.), Experiencing Europe: 50 Years of European Construction (2008): 33-44.