Fernand Braudel Fellow
from 1 October 2018 to 15 December 2018
Postal address: Department of Law | Via Bolognese 156 | 50139 Florence | Italy
Villa Salviati - Office SACA 414, Castello
From April 2012 through March 2018 Nils Muižnieks served as the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights. Prior to becoming Commissioner, he held a number of leadership positions, including chair of the Council of Europe’s independent racism-monitoring body, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (2010-2012); director of the University of Latvia’s Advanced Social and Political Research Institute (2005-2012); Minister of Social Integration in the Latvian government (2002-2004); and director of the NGO Latvian Centre for Human Rights and Ethnic Studies (1994-2012). He has published widely on human rights, racism, and Baltic and international affairs. He is a Latvian national who was educated in the United States, where he received a BA in politics summa cum laude from Princeton University and an MA and PhD in political science from the University of California at Berkeley.
Research while at EUI
Prof. Muižnieks research topic is "Responses of international and regional organizations to human rights backsliding in Europe. The project aims to examine the responses of international and regional human rights organizations to constitutional and human rights backsliding in Hungary, Poland and Turkey. The project will embed my own experience grappling with this backsliding as Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe into a broader conceptual and contextual frame, including an examination of admissions and membership criteria in the Council of Europe and the European Union, in particular, as well as a critical examination of the tools and methods of these and other (UN, OSCE) international organizations, the assumptions underlying this action, and the effectiveness thereof."