The Europeanisation of Law (with particular emphasis on Private and Economic Law)
The term ‘Europeanisation of law’ is intended to indicate a process linked to the phenomenon that ever more areas of law are the subject of European law-making, either via traditional forms of secondary community law or via new modes of governance, such as self-regulation, co-regulation, the ‘Lamfalussy procedure’, or the open method of co-ordination. Europeanisation affects the procedure of law-making as well as the substance. It reaches from the integration of new actors into the law-making process to new modes of enforcement via agencies, companies, and new forms of action. Europeanisation has now reached each and every area of the law, be it public, private, administrative, contractual. Further, the EU constitutional process and fundamental rights (including the Charter of Fundamental Rights) affect both the substance and procedure of ‘Europeanised’ law.