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Open Access

Measures taken by Librarires and publishers due to COVID-19

Due to the COVID-19 crisis, a number of publishers are making adjustments to access restrictions for online content, making more content available in open access.

  • The International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC) 'Statement on the Global COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Library Services and Resources' collects most of the available information related to expanded publishers services
    • The EUI Library endorses the ICOLC statement (indirectly and formally also through CRUI)
      • The ICOLC statement asks publishers to immediately consider:
      1. Making any relevant content and data sets about COVID-19, Coronaviruses (regardless of species affected), vaccines, antiviral drugs, etc. currently behind subscription-only paywalls Open Access immediately to facilitate research, guide community public health response, and accelerate the discovery of treatment options.
      2. Removing and waiving all simultaneous user limits to an institution’s licensed digital content during this period when universities are going all online in order to allow research, discovery, and learning to proceed.
      3. Lifting existing contractual ILL restrictions or photocopying limits temporarily so that libraries may assist our students to complete their term.
      4. Allowing the maximum extent of copyright limitations, exception and fair use, even if contractually restricted, to enable institutions to continue their vital teaching missions as campuses transition to an online, remote format.
    • This EUI Library page lists the information received about expanded resources
    • SPARC Europe on Covid-19 crisis society needs knowledge and practices from not only the medical field but from all areas of public health and the social sciences
    • UNESCO: mobilizes 122 countries to promote open science and reinforced cooperation in the face of COVID-19


What is Open Access

Open Access is the free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research, and the right to use and re-use those results as you need.

An Open Access publication is immediately available online - without costs - to read, download, copy, print, disseminate or search.

An author can choose between two Open Access roads:

  1. publish in a subscription journal, then self-archive an Open Access copy of the article in Cadmus, the EUI Research Repository or in a subject repository (Green OA)
  2. publish in an Open Access journal or a ‘hybrid’ journal with an OA option (Gold OA)


@ the EUI

The  EUI Open Access Policy encourages scholars to facilitate the widespread dissemination of their research by making their publications available in Cadmus, the EUI's Research Repository.

Many EUI PhD theses are available online, either in immediate open access or after a 4-year embargo. Browse  EUI Open Access theses. Read on how to  make the EUI thesis available online or this  library blog post on EUI theses.

The EUI has signed the following milestone declarations of the open access movement:

The EUI offers Dissemination Support for EUI Research Projects funded by Horizon 2020 and ERC. Project Directors are encouraged to complete a  Checklist and form.

Open Data guidelines are in the Research Data Guide

Cadmus is searchable in and harvested by several European and international networks and portals. Some are listed below.


Open Access Tools


This is a plug-in that allows you to find Open Access articles. Add  Unpaywall to your browser.

Open Access Button

This plug-in will allow you to obtain full-text articles.  Open Access button will help you to get free, legal research articles delivered instantly or to request from the authors.

LIBER Open Science roadmap

LIBER is Europe's Research Library Network. It published an Open Science Roadmap in July 2018. LIBER made available Five Principles for libraries to use when conducting Open Access negotiations with publishers (1. Licensing and Open Access go Hand-in-Hand;  2. No Open Access, No Price Increase; 3. Transparency for Licensing Deals: No Non-Disclosure; 4. Keep Access Sustainable and 5. Usage Reports Should Include Open Access.) These Five Principles are part of LIBER’s ongoing commitment to facilitate knowledge exchange between its libraries, national governments and stakeholders. They are inspired by other statements including the Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science (2016) and the OA2020 Initiative.

LERU Open Science roadmap

The LERU 2018 Roadmap: Open Science and its role in Univeristies: a roadmap for cultural change

APC Open and ESAC

Open APC (Article Processing Charges) offers a way to see the level of expenses on APCs in various countries by institution.

ESAC aggregates data and relevant facts for a number of major publishers in order to illustrate their market position and better assess the development of the scholarly publishing market as it transitions to open access.


The Directory of Open Access Journals indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals. The EUI Library is a supporting institutional member of DOAJ. DOAJ also contains information on a journal's level, if any, of APCs. A predatory journal will not be listed in DOAJ. It is still of interested to consult the  archived version of Beall's list of predatory journalsThink, Check, Submit can help researchers identify trusted journals for their research.

Plan-S and cOAlition S

Plan-S, launched in 2018, contains one main target plus 10 principles on Open Access as a reality. On 4 September 2018, a group of national research funding organisations, with the support of the European Commission and the European Research Council (ERC), announced the launch of cOAlition S, an initiative to make full and immediate Open Access to research publications a reality.

Other OA tools

Other useful Open Access tools and plug-ins are  Google Scholar ButtonLazy Scholar (which finds both open access and subscription articles) and  Kopernio (also finding both open access and subscription articles, but requires registration). 



European Research Council (ERC)


OpenAIRE is a network of Open Access repositories, archives and journals that support Open Access policies. OpenAIRE started out as a policy support mechanism for the EC (FP7 pilot and H2020 OA policies), with the aim to be the European scholarly communication hub providing its services to many European funders. Its predecessor, Driver, was in 2014 merged with the OpenAIRE infrastructure.

Cadmus is certified OpenAIRE compliant since 2013.  More information on Cadmus in OpenAIRE.


The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon2020, is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020). 

The next 7-year budget of the EC FP9 succeeding the H2020.

Search for projects in Cordis containing EU-funded projects since 1990.


The European E-theses portal Dart contains nearly 700,000 Open Access full-text theses. It is a partnership of research libraries and library consortia who are working together to improve global access to European research theses. Dart harvests the EUI open access theses in Cadmus, and EUI theses are therefore found also in the  Dart E-theses Portal.


Italy's national portal for Electronic Scientific Litterature of Institutional Repositories, Pleiadi, harvests the scientific production of Italian universities and research institutes and has nearly 3 million records. Cadmus content is searchable from  Pleiadi.

Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies (ROARMAP)

ROARMAP is an international registry of open access mandates and policies (adopted by universities, research institutions and research funders) that require or request their researchers to provide open access to their peer-reviewed research article output by depositing it in an open access repository. The  Open Access Check Tool tells you if a ROARMAP registered OA policy corresponds to H2020 OA guidelines. 


WorldWideScience.org is a global science gateway—accelerating scientific discovery and progress through a multilateral partnership to enable federated searching of national and international scientific databases and portals. Cadmus content is searchable from Worldwide science via Pleiadi, and via OpenAIRE.

Page last updated on 13 May 2020