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Florence School of Transnational Governance

Making Sanctions Work: Political, Legal, and Economic Challenges of EU Restrictive Measures

Programme Start Date



30 October - 5, 7, 14, 15 November

Delivery mode



Palazzo Buontalenti


1.500 €

Discount options available

See the fees section

Application Deadline

25/10/2024 - 23:59 CEST

Programme Description

The sanctions packages adopted by the EU, which intend to intensify pressure on Russia’s government and economy, have reignited traditional debates about the appropriate political, legal, and economic reach of restrictive measures. Politically, for instance, the legitimacy of international sanctions has been challenged on the basis of their unilateral coercive nature and because might affect domains that lie beyond strict targets. Issues of uniform implementation and effective enforcement have also emerged, resulting in a number of initiatives at the EU level.

On the legal side, international sanctions have become one of the most voluminous fields of litigation before EU Courts. Through their case law, they actually shape the limits of this impactful foreign policy tool, giving an answer to unresolved questions related to the procedural rights of sanctioned persons, the burden and standard of proof, and the scope of judicial review, confidentiality, damages, etc. Some of the restrictive measures adopted in response to the Ukraine crisis, particularly anti-circumvention measures, have been criticised as regulating extraterritorial conduct.

Finally, the economics of the international sanctions put in place by the EU against Russia have awakened a singular interest among scholars and specialists. The keywords in that regard are ‘effectiveness’ and ‘impact’. Are EU sanctions effective as tools for conditioning Russia's actions? Can those measures be designed to reduce the negative impact on the EU’s economy?

Emphasis has also increasingly been put into place on implementation and enforcement. The effectiveness of restrictive measures fundamentally depends on the level of implementation by the private sector.

In the fourth edition of this executive training programme, designed and delivered by EU policymakers, judges, leading academics, and compliance professionals, participants will acquire an analytical and practical toolkit for understanding sanctions from various angles – legal, economic, political – and for evaluating their effectiveness.

Sessions will cover, among others, the objectives, impacts, and limitations of sanctions against Russia; the EU decision-making in the area of restrictive measures; the fundamentals of EU sanctions compliance; and the current trends and challenges in the judicial review of the EU Sanctions.

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Learning Outcomes

By the end of this programme, the participants will be able to:

  • Identify the most relevant political, legal, and economic challenges raised by the EU restrictive measures system and the international context in which they operate;
  • Recognise the different packages of restrictive measures adopted by the EU in the current Ukraine crisis and beyond and compare them with those adopted in other foreign jurisdictions;
  • Distinguish the different mechanisms whereby EU restrictive measures become law and the practical implications of their enforcement;
  • Categorise the legal means by which judicial review of EU restrictive measures is ensured by the Courts of the EU;
  • Assess the impact of EU judicial doctrines on the development of EU fundamental rights protection;
  • Understand the fundamentals of EU sanctions compliance and how to perform risk-based due diligence, particularly in the face of circumvention risks;
  • Evaluate the degree of economic effectiveness and political legitimacy of restrictive measures, their compliance with public international law, as well as their placement within the EU’s external policy and their geopolitical potential.

Learning Methods

  • Knowledge transfer sessions led by experienced practitioners, lawyers and academics, with extensive expertise on the key legal and policy issues relating to restrictive measures;
  • Three online training sessions and two days of interactive residential training focusing on the issues and main challenges arising from the implementation and judicial review of the EU sanctions policy;
  • By blending experts’ inputs and learners’ interaction (case-study discussions on decision-making scenarios), this executive training also creates an enabling environment for peer learning and networking.

Who Should Attend

  • Civil servants of national administrations, including diplomats, in particular those involved in European affairs.
  • Practising lawyers before EU and national courts.
  • Researchers focusing on international law and EU international relations and external policy.
  • Civil servants of EU institutions and services working in the field of restrictive measures.
  • In-house legal and compliance professionals.

Information for Applicants

  • The online part of the training will take place with live online sessions (via Zoom) on 30 October, 5 November, and 7 November 2024, from 15:00 to 16:30 CET.
  • Participants will be enrolled in our Virtual Learning Environment (Brightspace) to access the training materials. Some pre-training readings might be necessary.
  • Participants will have access to optional quizzes in which they will be able to assess their knowledge.
  • A discussion board will be active for the whole duration of the course for additional questions and topics for discussion.
  • The residential part of the training will take place in Florence, at Palazzo Buontalenti, the campus of the Florence School of Transnational Governance (Via Cavour 65) on 14 and 15 November 2024 from 9:30 to 17:00 CET. A pre-programme welcome cocktail is foreseen on 13 November.
  • Participants are expected to make their own travel and accommodation arrangements for the duration of the residential part of the course.


Fee 1.500 €

Early bird and groups 1.350 € [ -10%]

Affiliation price 1.275 € [ -15%]

ETGN price 1.200 € [ -20%]

Early bird and groups

The early-bird discount (10%) is applicable for registrations by 14/07/2024 - 23:59 CET.
The same discount is applicable for groups (more than three people).

Affiliation price

The affiliation discount (15%) applies for NGO staff, national civil servants and EU officials (from EU institutions and bodies), international organisations, as well as EUI alumni, and former paying participants of Florence STG courses.

ETGN price

The course is eligible for the ETGN Certificate with 20% discount over the total fee. Find out more.


We encourage early registration as places are given on a rolling basis.

More information about the cancellation policy applicable to this course.


  • Portrait picture of Kristin Fabbe

    Kristin Fabbe

    Full-time Professor

    Florence School of Transnational Governance

  • Portrait picture of Petra Mahnič

    Petra Mahnič

    Legal Advisor

    Legal Service, European Council/Council of the EU

  • Portrait picture of Juan Ignacio Signes de Mesa

    Juan Ignacio Signes de Mesa

    Legal Secretary

    Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)


Application deadline:
25/10/2024 - 23:59CEST

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