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‘Diverging destinies’: changes in family structures and in socio-economic inequality of opportunity in the United States

Dates:
  • Tue 20 Nov 2018 13.00 - 15.00
  Add to Calendar 2018-11-20 13:00 2018-11-20 15:00 Europe/Paris ‘Diverging destinies’: changes in family structures and in socio-economic inequality of opportunity in the United States

In this article, we test McLanahan’s thesis of “Diverging Destinies” and analyse how important changes in family structures over time have been for inequality of opportunity in the United States. We use data from the NLSY 1979 and 1997 to explain socioeconomic background differences in cognitive skills, educational attainment, and labor income. Simulations based on Oaxaca-Blinder compositions reveal a very limited to small influence of changes in family structures on inequality of opportunity. Even though the socioeconomic stratification of family structures has increased over time, the decreasing prevalence of two-parent families has been more consequential for the outcomes of children from advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds.

Seminar Room 3, Badia Fiesolana DD/MM/YYYY
  Seminar Room 3, Badia Fiesolana

In this article, we test McLanahan’s thesis of “Diverging Destinies” and analyse how important changes in family structures over time have been for inequality of opportunity in the United States. We use data from the NLSY 1979 and 1997 to explain socioeconomic background differences in cognitive skills, educational attainment, and labor income. Simulations based on Oaxaca-Blinder compositions reveal a very limited to small influence of changes in family structures on inequality of opportunity. Even though the socioeconomic stratification of family structures has increased over time, the decreasing prevalence of two-parent families has been more consequential for the outcomes of children from advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds.


Location:
Seminar Room 3, Badia Fiesolana

Affiliation:
Department of Political and Social Sciences

Type:
Working group

Organiser:
Prof. Juho Härkönen (European University Institute)
Prof. Fabrizio Bernardi

Contact:
Monika Rzemieniecka (EUI - Department of Political and Social Sciences) - Send a mail

Speaker:
Diederik Boertien (EUI - Max Weber Postdoctoral Programme)
 
 

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