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Junior Players, Regional Games and Global Aspirations: Romania’s Initiative for a Balkan Alliance, 1957-1960

Dates:
  • Thu 24 Jan 2019 16.00 - 18.00
  Add to Calendar 2019-01-24 16:00 2019-01-24 18:00 Europe/Paris Junior Players, Regional Games and Global Aspirations: Romania’s Initiative for a Balkan Alliance, 1957-1960

Based on newly declassified documents from the Romanian archives, this presentation discusses the initiatives of the country’s communist regime, led by Gheorghe-Gheorghiu Dej, to establish a regional alliance in the late 1950s. It examines Dej’s regional policies within the context of both national interest (i.e. Bucharest’s bid for autonomy from Moscow) as well as the international Cold War climate in order to provide a more nuanced understanding of the Balkans at the time, and especially of Romania’s de-satellization process. To play an increasingly active regional role was an essential first step in Romania's journey towards autonomy. Before it could emerge onto the global stage and forge alliances with the West, and especially with the United States, Dej first cultivated his relationship with Josip Broz Tito – the region’s original ‘maverick’. Bucharest’s special relationship with Belgrade allowed the Romanian leader not only to fashion himself into the role of mediator when Yugoslavia’s relationship with Moscow soured, but also to increase his regional profile by launching the Balkan Pact initiative. With Tito’s support, Dej first proposed the formation of a de-militarized Balkan zone to the national governments of Greece, Turkey, and Bulgaria in 1957. Three years later, he reiterated his proposal -- this time for a de-nuclearized Balkan Alliance -- within the framework of the United Nations in 1960, as part of Moscow’s ‘peaceful co-existence’ campaign.

Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia DD/MM/YYYY
  Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia

Based on newly declassified documents from the Romanian archives, this presentation discusses the initiatives of the country’s communist regime, led by Gheorghe-Gheorghiu Dej, to establish a regional alliance in the late 1950s. It examines Dej’s regional policies within the context of both national interest (i.e. Bucharest’s bid for autonomy from Moscow) as well as the international Cold War climate in order to provide a more nuanced understanding of the Balkans at the time, and especially of Romania’s de-satellization process. To play an increasingly active regional role was an essential first step in Romania's journey towards autonomy. Before it could emerge onto the global stage and forge alliances with the West, and especially with the United States, Dej first cultivated his relationship with Josip Broz Tito – the region’s original ‘maverick��. Bucharest’s special relationship with Belgrade allowed the Romanian leader not only to fashion himself into the role of mediator when Yugoslavia’s relationship with Moscow soured, but also to increase his regional profile by launching the Balkan Pact initiative. With Tito’s support, Dej first proposed the formation of a de-militarized Balkan zone to the national governments of Greece, Turkey, and Bulgaria in 1957. Three years later, he reiterated his proposal -- this time for a de-nuclearized Balkan Alliance -- within the framework of the United Nations in 1960, as part of Moscow’s ‘peaceful co-existence’ campaign.


Location:
Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia

Affiliation:
Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies
Department of Political and Social Sciences
Department of History and Civilization
Max Weber Programme

Type:
Research seminar

Discussant:
Igor Rogelja (EUI - SPS)

Organiser:
Professor Ulrich Krotz (EUI - RSCAS and SPS)
Richard Maher (EUI - RSCAS)
Corinna Unger (EUI - HEC)

Speaker:
Corina Mavrodin (EUI - HEC)

Contact:
Naïs Ralaison ( EUI - RSCAS) - Send a mail

Links:
Europe in the World Research Area
 
 
 

Page last updated on 18 August 2017