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Legal and Constitutional Developments in the Field of Gender Equality in Post-Communist Romania. An Analysis in the Framework of the Public/Private Divide

Dates:
  • Tue 14 May 2019 10.30 - 13.00
  Add to Calendar 2019-05-14 10:30 2019-05-14 13:00 Europe/Paris Legal and Constitutional Developments in the Field of Gender Equality in Post-Communist Romania. An Analysis in the Framework of the Public/Private Divide

Abstract: Although over the last decades gender legal studies have proliferated in the Anglo-Saxon world, the legal situation of gender equality in Central and Eastern Europe is still widely under-researched. This thesis aims to address, at least in part, this gap in the literature by analyzing the development of gender equality under the law and constitution of post-communist Romania. The thesis frames its analysis around the feminist critique of the separate spheres tradition, according to which the root of gender inequality lies in the association of women with the private sphere and of men with the public sphere. Accordingly, the thesis tracks the legal and constitutional changes and debates taking place in four fields relevant to understanding the configuration of the public/private divide in post-1989 Romania. These fields are: women’s political representation, the division of care and breadwinning within couples, the protection of reproductive autonomy, and the definition of family and marriage in relation to gender. The thesis concludes that the fall of communism represented a mixed bag in terms of gains and losses for gender equality in Romania. Nonetheless, although many changes still need to take place to achieve gender equality, by looking strictly at the four analyzed fields and at the legal domain, the thesis argues that due to Romania’s peculiarity during communism, the gains that came with the period of transition outweigh the losses. This contradicts the widespread findings that in other countries in the region the fall of communism brought a serious deterioration to the status of women. The thesis thus signals that Romania is an outlier in the region and lays the groundwork for further comparative research on this issue.

Sala degli Stemmi - Villa Salviati- Castle DD/MM/YYYY
  Sala degli Stemmi - Villa Salviati- Castle

Abstract: Although over the last decades gender legal studies have proliferated in the Anglo-Saxon world, the legal situation of gender equality in Central and Eastern Europe is still widely under-researched. This thesis aims to address, at least in part, this gap in the literature by analyzing the development of gender equality under the law and constitution of post-communist Romania. The thesis frames its analysis around the feminist critique of the separate spheres tradition, according to which the root of gender inequality lies in the association of women with the private sphere and of men with the public sphere. Accordingly, the thesis tracks the legal and constitutional changes and debates taking place in four fields relevant to understanding the configuration of the public/private divide in post-1989 Romania. These fields are: women’s political representation, the division of care and breadwinning within couples, the protection of reproductive autonomy, and the definition of family and marriage in relation to gender. The thesis concludes that the fall of communism represented a mixed bag in terms of gains and losses for gender equality in Romania. Nonetheless, although many changes still need to take place to achieve gender equality, by looking strictly at the four analyzed fields and at the legal domain, the thesis argues that due to Romania’s peculiarity during communism, the gains that came with the period of transition outweigh the losses. This contradicts the widespread findings that in other countries in the region the fall of communism brought a serious deterioration to the status of women. The thesis thus signals that Romania is an outlier in the region and lays the groundwork for further comparative research on this issue.


Location:
Sala degli Stemmi - Villa Salviati- Castle

Affiliation:
Department of Law

Type:
Thesis defence

Supervisor:
Prof. Ruth Rubio Marin (EUI)

Defendant:
Elena Brodeala (EUI - Law)

Contact:
Valentina Gorgoni (Law) - Send a mail

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