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Globalization, Government Popularity and the Great Skill Divide (Political Behaviour Colloquium)

Dates:
  • Tue 03 Dec 2019 17.15 - 19.00
  Add to Calendar 2019-12-03 17:15 2019-12-03 19:00 Europe/Paris Globalization, Government Popularity and the Great Skill Divide (Political Behaviour Colloquium)

How does international trade affect the popularity of governments and leaders? We provide the first large-scale, global evidence that the political attitudes of skilled and unskilled workers respond differently to trade shocks. Using a unique data set that includes 118 countries and nearly 450,000 individuals, we find that growth in high skill intensive exports of goods and services increases approval of the incumbent government and leader among skilled individuals. Growth in high skill intensive imports has the opposite effect. High skill intensive trade has no discernible effect among the unskilled. To identify exogenous variation, we exploit the time-varying effects of air and sea distances on bilateral trade flows. Our findings suggest that the political effects of international trade differ with skill intensity.

Seminar Room 2 DD/MM/YYYY
  Seminar Room 2

How does international trade affect the popularity of governments and leaders? We provide the first large-scale, global evidence that the political attitudes of skilled and unskilled workers respond differently to trade shocks. Using a unique data set that includes 118 countries and nearly 450,000 individuals, we find that growth in high skill intensive exports of goods and services increases approval of the incumbent government and leader among skilled individuals. Growth in high skill intensive imports has the opposite effect. High skill intensive trade has no discernible effect among the unskilled. To identify exogenous variation, we exploit the time-varying effects of air and sea distances on bilateral trade flows. Our findings suggest that the political effects of international trade differ with skill intensity.


Location:
Seminar Room 2

Affiliation:
Department of Political and Social Sciences

Type:
Working group

Organiser:
Francesco Colombo
SPS Researcher Emma Hoes (EUI)

Speaker:
Cevat Giray Aksoy
 
 

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