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Natural and field experiments (NAFS)

Dates:
  • Thu 14 Nov 2019 13.15 - 14.30
  Add to Calendar 2019-11-14 13:15 2019-11-14 14:30 Europe/Paris Natural and field experiments (NAFS)

Lachlan Andrew Mcnamee (MWP) 'Go East Young Javanese: Settler Colonialism in West Papua' Abstract: Under what conditions do states engage in settler colonialism? I argue that settler colonialism is fundamentally a tool used by territorially insecure states to consolidate control over resource-rich areas and contested borderlands. I provide evidence for this claim in the province of West Papua, Indonesia. During the 20th century, Indonesia settled hundreds of thousands of Javanese to West Papua, drastically transforming its demographic composition.Yet, Indonesian settlement of Papua was very limited until the 1980s and has been limited to only certain areas of the island. So, what accounts for the incidence of settler colonialism in West Papua? Drawing on confidential government sources, I compiled a complete panel of all Indonesian settlement in each regency of Papua between 1964-2000. Using a difference-in-differences design I show that, after an attempted Papuan uprising in 1984, Indonesia ethnically cleansed and settled its borderland with Papua New Guinea in order to forestall cross-border insurgent activity. Transmigrant settlement was thus a state building tool used by the Indonesian state to defeat minority insurgents. I then show that, after the discovery of the enormous Grasberg gold reserve in the late 1980s, Indonesia settled and ethnically cleansed the area around the mine in order to prevent West Papuans from accessing the mine. I thus provide the first systematic evidence demonstrating that Indonesia's colonization of West Papua has been driven by the twin logics of resource extraction and counterinsurgency. I draw out the implications of these findings for the study of settler colonialism, state building and migration more generally. Please email Lachlan for a copy of the paper to be discussed at the session.

Seminar Room 3 - Badia Fiesolana DD/MM/YYYY
  Seminar Room 3 - Badia Fiesolana

Lachlan Andrew Mcnamee (MWP) 'Go East Young Javanese: Settler Colonialism in West Papua' Abstract: Under what conditions do states engage in settler colonialism? I argue that settler colonialism is fundamentally a tool used by territorially insecure states to consolidate control over resource-rich areas and contested borderlands. I provide evidence for this claim in the province of West Papua, Indonesia. During the 20th century, Indonesia settled hundreds of thousands of Javanese to West Papua, drastically transforming its demographic composition.Yet, Indonesian settlement of Papua was very limited until the 1980s and has been limited to only certain areas of the island. So, what accounts for the incidence of settler colonialism in West Papua? Drawing on confidential government sources, I compiled a complete panel of all Indonesian settlement in each regency of Papua between 1964-2000. Using a difference-in-differences design I show that, after an attempted Papuan uprising in 1984, Indonesia ethnically cleansed and settled its borderland with Papua New Guinea in order to forestall cross-border insurgent activity. Transmigrant settlement was thus a state building tool used by the Indonesian state to defeat minority insurgents. I then show that, after the discovery of the enormous Grasberg gold reserve in the late 1980s, Indonesia settled and ethnically cleansed the area around the mine in order to prevent West Papuans from accessing the mine. I thus provide the first systematic evidence demonstrating that Indonesia's colonization of West Papua has been driven by the twin logics of resource extraction and counterinsurgency. I draw out the implications of these findings for the study of settler colonialism, state building and migration more generally. Please email Lachlan for a copy of the paper to be discussed at the session.


Location:
Seminar Room 3 - Badia Fiesolana

Affiliation:
Max Weber Programme
Department of Political and Social Sciences

Type:
Working group

Organiser:
Prof. Miriam Golden (EUI - Department of Political and Social Sciences)

Contact:
Lachlan Andrew Mcnamee (EUI - Max Weber Fellow) - Send a mail
Eleanor Woodhouse (EUI - Max Weber Fellow) - Send a mail
Annabelle Wittels (EUI - Max Weber Fellow) - Send a mail

Speaker:
Lachlan Andrew Mcnamee (EUI - Max Weber Fellow)

Links:
Find out more about the NAFS Working Group

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