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Empire and Statehood in the Russo-Iranian Encounter, 1880ʼs to 1914

Dates:
  • Fri 21 Jun 2013 15.00 - 18.00
  Add to Calendar 2013-06-21 15:00 2013-06-21 18:00 Europe/Paris Empire and Statehood in the Russo-Iranian Encounter, 1880ʼs to 1914

This thesis examines the influence of the Russian Empire on centralized state authority in
Iran in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It analyzes how Russian policies in Iran
became effective and how they were shaped by mediating groups as well as by local resistance. I
argue that the Russian Empire pursued its goals in Iran to an important extent by relying on an
alliance with the Qajars, the dynasty ruling Iran throughout the nineteenth century. On different
levels, Russian officials were therefore drawn into conflicts over the quality and structure of
Qajar authority and had a formidable influence on its development. By demonstrating the
interrelatedness of processes of imperial expansion and state building in Russia and Iran, as well as by drawing extensive comparisons between them, the thesis aims to contribute to a larger recontextualization of Russian history within a Eurasian framework.
The first chapter examines the relations between the Russian and the Iranian monarchies and the cultural transformation, especially the militarization, of Iranian monarchical power under Russian influence. A second chaper focuses on the emergence of an Iranian state territory,
demonstrating how the demarcation of international borders between Russia and Iran in Central Asia was connected to changes in the relationship between tribal nomads and sedentary states. The third chapter then concentrates on the turbulent urban politics of Tabriz to analyze the Russian attempt to use and at the same time limit Iranian state sovereignty through a system of consulates and trade privileges for Russian subjects. Finally, the last chapter studies the role of Caucasian revolutionaries in the Iranian Constitutional Movement (1905–1911), who transposed
political practices and goals shaped by resistance to Russian colonial rule into an Iranian setting.

Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia - SCHIFANOIA DD/MM/YYYY
  Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia - SCHIFANOIA

This thesis examines the influence of the Russian Empire on centralized state authority in
Iran in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It analyzes how Russian policies in Iran
became effective and how they were shaped by mediating groups as well as by local resistance. I
argue that the Russian Empire pursued its goals in Iran to an important extent by relying on an
alliance with the Qajars, the dynasty ruling Iran throughout the nineteenth century. On different
levels, Russian officials were therefore drawn into conflicts over the quality and structure of
Qajar authority and had a formidable influence on its development. By demonstrating the
interrelatedness of processes of imperial expansion and state building in Russia and Iran, as well as by drawing extensive comparisons between them, the thesis aims to contribute to a larger recontextualization of Russian history within a Eurasian framework.
The first chapter examines the relations between the Russian and the Iranian monarchies and the cultural transformation, especially the militarization, of Iranian monarchical power under Russian influence. A second chaper focuses on the emergence of an Iranian state territory,
demonstrating how the demarcation of international borders between Russia and Iran in Central Asia was connected to changes in the relationship between tribal nomads and sedentary states. The third chapter then concentrates on the turbulent urban politics of Tabriz to analyze the Russian attempt to use and at the same time limit Iranian state sovereignty through a system of consulates and trade privileges for Russian subjects. Finally, the last chapter studies the role of Caucasian revolutionaries in the Iranian Constitutional Movement (1905–1911), who transposed
political practices and goals shaped by resistance to Russian colonial rule into an Iranian setting.


Location:
Sala Triaria, Villa Schifanoia - SCHIFANOIA

Affiliation:
Department of History and Civilization

Type:
Thesis defence

Contact:
Kathy Wolf Fabiani - Send a mail

Organiser:
Kathy Wolf Fabiani

Supervisor:
Prof. Stephen Anthony Smith

Examiner:
Prof. Dirk Moses
Professor Julia Obertreis (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg)
Professor Stephanie Cronin (University of Oxford)

Defendant:
Moritz Deutschmann (EUI - Department of History and Civilization)
 

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