Portrait picture of Klarita Gërxhani

Klarita Gërxhani

Full-time Professor

Department of Political and Social Sciences

Contact info

[email protected]

[+39] 055 4685 470

Office

Badia Fiesolana, BF180

Administrative contact

Claudia Fanti

Working languages

Albanian, English, Dutch, Italian

Curriculum vitae

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EUI Publications Repository

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Klarita Gërxhani

Full-time Professor

Department of Political and Social Sciences

Biography

Klarita Gërxhani is Professor and Chair in Sociology at the Department of Political and Social Sciences.

Her main expertise lies in the micro-foundations of Economic Sociology. After completing her M.A. in General Economics at the Faculty of Economics, University of Tirana, Albania, she received her M. Phil and Ph.D. in Economics at the Tinbergen Institute and the Faculty of Economics and Business at the University of Amsterdam. She continued her academic career as a post-doctoral researcher in Economic Sociology at the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies and the Amsterdam School for Social science Research at the University of Amsterdam.

She maintained the link between economics and sociology by taking the position of Assistant Professor and later of Associate Professor at the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Department of Sociology at the University of Amsterdam, while being a visiting researcher at the Faculty of Economics and Business at the University of Amsterdam, and research fellow at the Tinbergen Institute.

Professor Gërxhani has been co-director of the programme group 'Institutions, Inequalities and Life Courses' at the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, and Chair of Board of Examiners of the B.A. and M.A. in Sociology at the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam.

In her interdisciplinary research, she has pursued a combination of laboratory experiments with field surveys. She is the author of various articles published in journals like Journal of Political Economy, Annual Review of Sociology, Social Networks, European Sociological Review, Experimental Economics, American Behavioral Scientist, PloS ONE, Journal of Institutional Economics, European Economic Review, Social Science Research, Journal of Economic Psychology, European Journal of Political Economy, Journal of Comparative Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, etc.

Additional information

Barrera D., Gërxhani K., Kittel B., Miller L. and Wolbring T. (forthcoming) Experimental Sociology: Outline of a Scientific Field. Cambridge University Press. Planned year of publication: 2022.

Gërxhani, K., N.D. de Graaf, W. Raub (forthcoming). Handbook of Rigorous Theoretical and Empirical Sociology, In Gërxhani, K., N.D. de Graaf, and W. Raub (eds.) Handbook of rigorous theoretical and empirical sociology. Research Handbook in Sociology Series, Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar. Planned year of publication: 2021.

Gërxhani, K. and L. Miller (forthcoming). “Experimental Sociology”. In Gërxhani, K., N.D. de Graaf, and W. Raub (eds.) Handbook of rigorous theoretical and empirical sociology. Research Handbook in Sociology Series, Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar. Planned year of publication: 2021.

Gërxhani, K., N.D. de Graaf, W. Raub (forthcoming). “Rigorous sociology”. In Gërxhani, K., N.D. de Graaf, and W. Raub (eds.) Handbook of rigorous theoretical and empirical sociology. Research Handbook in Sociology Series, Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar. Planned year of publication: 2021.

Gërxhani K., Volker B., Van Breemen J., (2021). Who will do it? Volunteering to change cooperation rules in a heterogeneous population. European Sociological Review 37(3): 482-496

De Dreu, C., Gërxhani K. and Schram A., (2021). Anticipating Peer Ranking Causes Hormonal Adaptations that Benefit Cognitive Performance. Forthcoming in the American Behavioral Scientist

Sarsons, H., Gërxhani, K., Reuben, E., Schram. A. (2021). Gender differences in recognition for group work. Journal of Political Economy 129(1): 101-147.

Gërxhani, K. and R. Wintrobe (2021). “Understanding Tax Evasion: Combining the Public Choice and New Institutionalist Perspectives.” In Douarin, E. and O. Havrylyshyn (eds.) Handbook of Comparative Economics, Palgrave MacMillan. Pp. 785-810.

Foley, W. and Gërxhani, K. (2020). Hands-off? Laissez-faire policies on Covid-19 may exacerbate health inequalities. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-06-2020-0220

Gërxhani, K. (2020). Status Ranking and Gender Inequality: A Cross-Country Experimental Comparison. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 65 100474.

Brandts, J, K. Gërxhani, and A. Schram (2020). Are there Gender Differences in Status-Ranking Aversion?Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 84 101485

Benneker, V., K. Gërxhani and S. Steinmetz (2020). Enforcing Your Own Human Rights? The Role of Social Norms in Compliance with Human Rights Treaties . Social Inclusion, 8(1): 184-193.

Gereke, J. and Gërxhani, K. (2019). Experimental Economics and Experimental Sociology. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Oxford University Press, NY.

- Featured article on the Oxford Encyclopedia website

  1. Gërxhani and J. van Breemen (2019). Social Values and Institutional Change: An Experimental Study.Journal of Institutional Economics, 15(2): 259-280.

Schram, A., J. Brandts, and K. Gërxhani (2019). Social-Status Ranking: A Hidden Channel to Gender Inequality under Competition. Experimental Economics, 22(2): 396-418.

Gërxhani, K. (2017). The Experimental Approach to Studying Employers' Hiring Behavior. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: An Interdisciplinary, Searchable, and Linkable Resource. 1–14.

Bills, D.B., V. Di Stasio, and K. Gërxhani (2017). The Demand Side of Hiring: Employers in the Labor Market. Annual Review of Sociology, Volume 43: 6.1-6.20.

Paskov, M., K. Gërxhani, and H. van de Werfhorst (2017). Giving up on the Joneses? The relationship between income inequality and status-seeking. European Sociological Review 33(1): 112–123.

Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. and K. Gërxhani (2016). Tax Evasion and Well-being: A Study of the Social and Institutional Context in Central and Eastern Europe. European Journal of Political Economy 45: 149-159.

Gërxhani, K. and J. Bruggeman (2015). Time Lag and Communication in Changing Unpopular Norms. PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, e0124715.

Gërxhani, K. and F. Koster (2015). Making the Right Move: Investigating Employers' Recruitment Strategies. Personnel Review 44(5): 781–800.

Di Stasio, V. and K. Gërxhani (2015). Employers’ Social Contacts and Their Hiring Behavior in a Factorial Survey. Social Science Research 51: 93-107.

Schram, A., V. Buskens, K. Gërxhani, and J. Grosser (2015). Experimental Game Theory and Its Application in Sociology and Political Science. Special issue of Journal of Applied Mathematics.

Schram, A., V. Buskens, K. Gërxhani, J. Groβer (2015). Experimental Game Theory and Its Application in Sociology and Political Science, Article ID 280789. Special issue of Journal of Applied Mathematics.

Gërxhani, K., J. Brandts and A. Schram (2013). The Emergence of Employer Information Networks in an Experimental Labor Market. Social Networks 35: 541-560.

Gërxhani, K. and H. van de Werfhorst (2013). The Effect of Education on Informal Sector Participation in a Post-communist Country. European Sociological Review 29(3): 464-476.

Duyvendak, J.W., C. Bouw, K. Gërxhani, O. Velthuis (Eds.) (2013). Sociale kaart van Nederland: Over instituties en organisaties (The Netherlands’ social map: On institutions and organizations). Boom Lemma Uitgevers.

Duyvendak, J.W., O. Velthuis, K. Gërxhani (2013). Sociale kaart van Nederland (The Netherlands’ social map). In: Duyvendak, Bouw, Gërxhani, & Velthuis (Eds.), Sociale kaart van Nederland: Over instituties en organisaties. Boom Lemma Uitgevers.

Gërxhani, K. and F. Koster (2012). ‘I Am Not Alone’: Understanding Public Support for the Welfare State. International Sociology 27(6): 768-787.

Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. and K. Gërxhani (2011). Financial Satisfaction and (In)formal Sector in a Transition Country. Social Indicators Research 102(2): 315-331.

Schram, A., J. Brandts, K. Gërxhani (2010). Information, Bilateral Ne­gotiations, and Worker Recruitment. European Economic Review 54(8): 1035–1058.

Brandts, J., K. Gërxhani, A. Schram and J.E. Ygosse-Battisti (2010). Size Doesn’t Matter! Gift Exchange in Experimental Labor Markets. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 76: 544-548.

Gërxhani, K. and A. Schram (2009). Clientelism and Polarized Voting: Empirical Evidence. Public Choice 141(3): 305-317.

Fidrmuc, J. and K. Gërxhani (2008). Mind the Gap: Social capital, East and West! Journal of Comparative Economics 36: 264-286.

Gërxhani, K. (2007). Explaining Gender Differences in Tax Evasion: The Case of Tirana, Albania. Feminist Economics 13(2): 119-155.

Gërxhani, K. (2007). “Did you pay your taxes?” How (Not) to Conduct Tax Evasion Surveys in Transition Countries. Social Indicators Research 80(3): 555-581.

Gërxhani, K. and A. Schram (2007). Albanië: 15 Jaar Worstelen met de Instituties. Internationale Spectator 61(6): 301-304.

Gërxhani, K. and A. Schram (2006). Tax Evasion and Income Source: A Comparative Experimental Study. Journal of Economic Psychology 27(3): 402-422.

Gërxhani, K. (2006). Politico-Economic Institutions and the Informal Sector in Albania, Chapter 6, pp. 81-95. In Bezemer, D.J. (ed.) On Eagle's Wings. Ten Years of Market Reform in Albania, New York: NovaScience Publishers.

Fidrmuc, J. and K. Gërxhani (2005). Formation of Social Capital in Central and Eastern Europe: Beyond Transition 16(3): 18-20.

Gërxhani, K. (2004). Tax Evasion in Transition: Outcome of an Institutional Clash? Testing Feige’s Conjecture in Albania. European Economic Review 48(4): 729-745.

Gërxhani, K. (2004). The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries: A Literature Survey. Public Choice 120(3-4): 267-300.

Gërxhani, K. (2003). Porezna evazija u Albaniji: Institucionalni vacuum (Tax Evasion in Albania: An Institutional Vacuum). Financijska Teorija I Praksa (Financial Theory and Practice) 1: 55-83.

Gërxhani, K. (2002). The Informal Sector in Transition: Tax Evasion in an Institutional Vacuum, Ph.D. thesis, University of Amsterdam, Tinbergen Institute Research Series, no. 265, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam; published by thesis publishers, Amsterdam.

Gërxhani, K. and A. Schram (2000). Albanian Political-Economics: Consequences of a Clan Culture. Journal for Institutional Innovation, Development and Transition 4: 5-14. Working-paper version.

 

 

I. Endogenous institutional change (including both formal institutions like rules and laws, and informal institutions like social norms)

This project aims to investigate how individuals wishing to change institutions in the organization to which they belong set about doing so and what determines their likelihood of success. As examples of such institutions, think of policies related to gender, age discrimination (including retirement), or environmental measures. The project addresses the following main research questions: (1) what mechanisms determine whether individuals with a wish to change their organization’s institutions will attempt to do so?; (2) what determines the approach used by individuals when attempting to change an institution and how does the likelihood of success depend on this choice?; (3) what mechanisms determine whether and how organizations respond to individual attempts at institutional change?

Who will do it? Volunteering to change cooperation rules in a heterogeneous population. European Sociological Review 37(3): 482-496

Social Values and Institutional Change: An Experimental Study. Journal of Institutional Economics, 15(2): 259-280.

(Appendices A and B. "Social values and institutional change")

Time Lag and Communication in Changing Unpopular Norms. PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, e0124715.

Sociale kaart van Nederland: Over instituties en organisaties(The Netherlands’ social map: On institutions and organizations).

Sociale kaart van Nederland (The Netherlands’ social map: On institutions and organizations).

‘I Am Not Alone’: Understanding Public Support for the Welfare State. International Sociology 27(6): 768-787.

Enforcing Your Own Human Rights? The Role of Social Norms in Compliance with Human Rights Treaties. Social Inclusion 8(1): 184-193.

 

II. Social status (and gender)

An important feature of social status is that it is culturally constructed and based on widely shared evaluations of where different ‘types’ of people should stand in the social hierarchy as well as who deserves to be more esteemed, respected and recognized. This project aims to investigate the causes and consequences of social status. It does so based on both observational and experimental data. The latter complement the former in establishing causal relationships and examining the underlying mechanisms. These are difficult to study empirically, as field data cannot accurately capture or isolate status-related outcomes like status anxiety.

Anticipating Peer Ranking Causes Hormonal Adaptations that Benefit Cognitive Performance. American Behavioral Scientist.

Status Ranking and Gender Inequality: A Cross-Country Experimental Comparison. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 65 100474.

Are there Gender Differences in Status-Ranking Aversion?. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 84 101485.

Social-Status Ranking: A Hidden Channel to Gender Inequality under Competition. Experimental Economics, 22(2): 396-418.

Giving up on the Joneses? The relationship between income inequality and status-seeking. European Sociological Review 33(1): 112–123.

Competition and Gender Inequality: A comprehensive analysis of effects and mechanisms. Work in progress.

 

III. Gender biases in hiring

Gender is a characteristic that influences social interactions and the way individuals make evaluative judgments. Discrimination in hiring on the basis of gender may result from biased assessments. Individuals hold shared beliefs about the traits and abilities of women and men and tend to associate agentic characteristics such as assertiveness and competence to men, and communal characteristics such as warmth and empathy to women. The core research question of this project is whether and under what conditions employers evaluate applicants of opposite gender differently?

Gender differences in recognition for group work. Journal of Political Economy 129(1): 101-147.

Double standards? Co-authorship and gender bias in early stage academic hiring. Working-paper.

Networks and Gender Inequalities in Academia. Work in progress.

 

IV. Employers’ recruitment behaviour and networks

Employers’ recruitment strategies have been shown to play a crucial role in the functioning of labor markets. Various HR strategies, like formal hiring, employee referrals or college recruiting, are examined in detail in prior studies, but the role of social networking has remained under-researched. This is particularly the case regarding the information networks of employers. This is a significant gap given the increasing importance of external recruitment and the increasing role of social networking therein via e.g. on-line networks, such as Facebook, LinkedIn, etc.

The Experimental Approach to Studying Employers' Hiring Behavior. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 1–14.

The Demand Side of Hiring: Employers in the Labor Market. Annual Review of Sociology, Volume 43: 6.1-6.20.

Making the Right Move: Investigating Employers' Recruitment Strategies. Personnel Review 44(5): 781–800.

Employers’ Social Contacts and Their Hiring Behavior in a Factorial Survey. Social Science Research 51: 93-107.

The Emergence of Employer Information Networks in an Experimental Labor Market. Social Networks 35: 541-560.

Information, Bilateral Ne­gotiations, and Worker Recruitment. European Economic Review 54(8): 1035–1058.

Size Doesn’t Matter! Gift Exchange in Experimental Labor Markets. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 76: 544-548.

The Effect of Social Networks on Migrants’ Labor Market Integration: A Quasi-Experiment. Working paper.

Finding a Good Match or Contributing to Inequality? Recruitment Strategies through the Lens of Employers’ Institutional Interpretation. Work in progress.

 

V. Former communist countries

This project is quite broad and includes studies on informal sector and tax evasion; formal and informal institutions; social capital; and individual well-being.

Understanding Tax Evasion: Combining the Public Choice and New Institutionalist Perspectives.” Handbook of Comparative Economics, edited by Elodie Douarin and Oleh Havrylyshyn, Palgrave MacMillan.

Tax Evasion and Well-being: A Study of the Social and Institutional Context in Central and Eastern Europe. European Journal of Political Economy 45: 149-159.

The Effect of Education on Informal Sector Participation in a Post-communist Country. European Sociological Review 29(3): 464-476.

Financial Satisfaction and (In)formal Sector in a Transition Country. Social Indicators Research 102(2): 315-331.

Clientelism and Polarized Voting: Empirical Evidence. Public Choice 141(3): 305-317.

Mind the Gap: Social capital, East and West! Journal of Comparative Economics 36: 264-286.

Explaining Gender Differences in Tax Evasion: The Case of Tirana, Albania. Feminist Economics 13(2): 119-155.

“Did you pay your taxes?” How (Not) to Conduct Tax Evasion Surveys in Transition Countries. Social Indicators Research 80(3): 555-581.

Albanië: 15 Jaar Worstelen met de Instituties. Internationale Spectator 61(6): 301-304.

Tax Evasion and Income Source: A Comparative Experimental Study. Journal of Economic Psychology 27(3): 402-422.

Politico-Economic Institutions and the Informal Sector in Albania, Chapter 6, pp. 81-95. In Bezemer, D.J. (ed.) On Eagle's Wings. Ten Years of Market Reform in Albania, New York: NovaScience Publishers.

Formation of Social Capital in Central and Eastern Europe. Beyond Transition 16(3): 18-20.

Tax Evasion in Transition: Outcome of an Institutional Clash? Testing Feige’s Conjecture in Albania. European Economic Review 48(4): 729-745.

The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries: A Literature Survey. Public Choice 120(3-4): 267-300.

Porezna evazija u Albaniji: Institucionalni vacuum (Tax Evasion in Albania: An Institutional Vacuum). Financijska Teorija I Praksa (Financial Theory and Practice) 1: 55-83.

The Informal Sector in Transition: Tax Evasion in an Institutional Vacuum. Ph.D. thesis, University of Amsterdam, Tinbergen Institute Research Series, no. 265, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam

Albanian Political-Economics: Consequences of a Clan Culture. Journal for Institutional Innovation, Development and Transition 4: 5-14. Working-paper version.

 

 

Seminar: Introduction to Effective Research Design (Winter 2021)

Seminar: Gender and Society: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (Autumn 2020)

Seminar: Gender and Ethnicity in the Labor Market (Winter 2020)

Seminar: Foundations of Economic Sociology (Autumn 2019)

Workshop: Running Experiments (27-28 and 29 May 2019)

Seminar: Experimental Methodology (Part I) and Topics in Experimental Economics with A. Schram (Part II) (Winter 2019)

Seminar: Foundations of Economic Sociology (Autumn 2018)

Seminar: Experimental Methodology (Part I) and Topics in Experimental Economics with A. Schram (Part II) (Winter 2018)

Seminar: Foundations of Economic Sociology (Autumn 2017)

Workshop: Running Experiments (27-28 April and 2 May 2017)

Seminar: Experimental Methodology (Part I) and Topics in Experimental Economics with A. Schram (Part II) (Winter 2017)

Seminar: Foundations of Economic Sociology (Autumn 2016)

The Experimental Working Group (joint with ECO)

Workshop: Running Experiments (2-4 May 2016)

Seminar: Experimental Methodology (Part I) and Topics in Experimental Economics with A. Schram (Part II) (Winter 2016)

Seminar: Foundations of Economic Sociology (Autumn 2015)

 

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