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Sandra Kröger

Robert Schuman Fellow


University of ExeterKroger-Sandra

Email: [email protected]
Tel. [+39] 055 4685 865
Office: Villa Schifanoia, VS075

September 2018 – June 2019

Biographical Note


I hold degrees in social science (Humboldt-University Berlin, Paris VIII) and Interdisciplinary France studies (University Freiburg).
After lecturing in Germany between 2006-2011, I was a Marie Curie fellow at the University of Exeter where I have since been promoted to Senior Lecturer.
I am interested in topics to do with democracy in the EU and with European integration. In my recent empirical research, I have Iooked at different forms of non-electoral forms of political representation, on the one hand, and the norms that can – or should – be underlying the institutional design of representative institutions in the EU, on the other.
An on-going interest is the role national parliaments can and should have in EU policy-making, and which institutional design can support the continued politicization of EU affairs in domestic arenas.
I have edited a number of volumes and special issues, organised several conferences, workshops, sections and panels on the topic of democratic representation and am also the convenor of the Standing Group on Political Representation with ECPR (jointly with Johannes Pollak).
Of late, I have become more interested in the issues of differentiated integration on the one hand and lying in politics on the other and plan to focus my future research around these topics.

Research Project


Project title: Differentiated integration as a fair scheme of cooperation

The increasing awareness that the EU’s future may lie in more institutional diversity leaves unanswered the question of the conditions under which DI should be accepted as a fair scheme of cooperation.
This is the question addressed by my project. More specifically, we know little about how political parties think about DI.
This research fills this gap by clarifying the conditions under which DI may be considered fair and legitimate by political parties, and the degree to which there are differences between different parties within and between MS.
Theoretically, this study will apply three different approaches to this normative question: statism, cosmopolitanism and demoicracy.
Empirically, the study will analyse party manifestos (PMs) and conduct interviews in four MS to investigate which type of fairness in institutional design political parties support.

Page last updated on 03 October 2018