LL.M. Programme in Comparative, European and International Laws
The LL.M. Programme in Comparative, European and International Laws of the European University Institute (EUI) is a one-year programme. It is predominantly research-based, and focusses on the acquisition and practice of research skills and on the preparation of a dissertation. It addresses candidates who wish to advance their legal knowledge and their ability to develop and express scholarly analyses, in a stimulating international and interdisciplinary environment.
The programme is taught by eminent academics, including professors of the EUI, as well as world-renowned guest professors and experts. The programme is attended by an international body of researchers, selected with highly competitive admission criteria.
The Department of Law examines the challenges facing European law, public international law, and private law, looking within cultural, political and economic topics. The range of interests amongst our faculty allows researchers to transcend national boundaries and contexts. For further information please see: Faculty Areas of Supervision.
LL.M. researchers, under the supervision of a Professor in the Department of Law, must obtain a series of necessary credits through term seminars, intensive courses, workshops, and summer schools.
Half of these credits will be obtained by submitting a term paper and a dissertation, which will become the basis for the conferment of the LL.M. degree.
LL.M. researchers can attend the cultural and scientific events (lectures, conferences, workshops) that take place at EUI. Each year the Law Department organizes many such initiatives, touching a vast range of subjects concerning European, Comparative and International laws.
Researchers are encouraged to take part in the activities organised by other Departments of the EUI.
Each researcher, with the advice of his/her supervisor, must prepare an individual study programme, choosing among the various term seminars, short seminars, intensive courses, workshops, and summer schools offered by the Department.
Researchers must take at least two regular term seminars in European, International and/or Comparative Laws, one in the first and one in the second term, and attend a seminar in legal research.
Researchers must submit a term paper in preparation for the dissertation (by the end of February), and a completed dissertation (by 1 October of the year following arrival), on the basis of which the LL.M. will be awarded.
Information for LL.M. Applicants
The application for admission to the EUI LL.M. Programme does not constitute an application for a grant. Admitted candidates will be requested to declare that they have sufficient resources to cover their living expenses in Florence for the entire duration of the programme and to pay the tuition fee of 12,000 EUR (if applicable – see below).
Candidates with funding from external private or public institutions are accepted as well as self-funding candidates.
Some candidates may be eligible for an ERASMUS+ Master Loan. Complete information is available on the European Commission website.
The EUI has been approved by the USA Department for Education as an eligible institution for the purpose of granting to eligible students an in-school deferment of repayment of USA Federal Family Education Program Loans and USA Federal Direct Student Loans.
EUI Financial Contributions
Financial contributions of 5,000 EUR each are offered by the EUI, on a competitive basis, to candidates who do not receive funding from another source. The contributions are awarded, by decision of the Law Department, to top-ranked candidates selected for admission (no separate application is required).
- EUI Contracting States: There is no tuition fee for LL.M. candidates from EU Member States adhering to the EUI Convention (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom).
- EUI Associate Member States: Candidates from Associate Member States (Norway and Switzerland) must pay the tuition fee of 12,000 EUR.
- Other EU Member States: (not adhearing to the EUI convention): Candidates from other EU member states must pay the tuition fee of 12,000 EUR.
- Other Non-EU States: Candidates must pay the tuition fee of 12,000 EUR.
The President of the European University Institute is authorised to reduce or waive tuition fees.
You must meet the minimum degree requirements by the start of the academic year (i.e. 31 August):
- Austria: Completion of university studies (Magister/Master’s degree)
- Belgium (Flanders): Master degree - Belgium (Wallonie-Bruxelles): Master degree of at least 120 credits
- Bulgaria: Master’s degree diploma with a Grade Point Average of minimum “Very good 5” or the respective equivalent from the evaluation system in the country, where the degree is obtained
- Cyprus: Bachelor’s degree (ptychio)
- Denmark: Kandidatgrad eller en grad der vurderes svarende hertil. Vurderingen foretages af Uddannelses- og Forskningsstyrelsen.
- Finland: Ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen, equivalent foreign degree
- France: Grade de Master or equivalent to bac + 5
- Estonia: Master’s degree
- Germany: Completion of university studies and the qualifications required to study for a doctorate
- Greece: Higher education degree (ISCED 6), and master’s degree or equivalent (ISCED 7)
- Ireland: Ireland: Honours degree (min. 2.1); preference to those with a Master's degree
- Italy: Laurea (vecchio ordinamento); laurea specialistica / laurea magistrale (nuovo ordinamento) or equivalent
- Malta: Master’s degree equivalent to Level 7 on the Malta Qualifications Framework
- Latvia: Magistra grads vai magistra grada limenim pielidzinata izglitiba (Master's degree or education equal to a Master's degree)
- Luxembourg: Master degree or equivalent
- Netherlands: Doctoraal examen or Master's degree
- Norway: Master’s degree or equivalent degree
- Poland: Master’s degree (magister or an equivalent degree)
- Portugal: Licenciatura and qualifications required to study for a doctorate in Portugal
- Romania: Candidates should have an undergraduate degree + a master degree (usually 3 + 2 years) or an equivalent qualification needed to study for a doctorate
- Spain: Titulación de grado o licenciado más master que supongan 300 créditos o titulación de grado o licenciado de 300 créditos
- Sweden: General entry requirements (According to the Swedish Higher Education Ordinance). A person meets the general entry requirements for third-cycle courses and study programmes if he or she: 1. has been awarded a second-cycle qualification. 2. has satisfied the requirements for courses comprising at least 240 credits of which at least 60 credits were awarded in the second-cycle, or 3. has acquired substantially equivalent knowledge in some other way in Sweden or abroad.The higher education institution may permit an exemption from the general entry requirements for an individual applicant, if there are special grounds. Ordinance (2010:1064)
- Switzerland: Completion of university studies (Master's degree of at least 90 ECTS)
- UK : Good honours degree (min. Upper Second); preference to those with a Master's degree
- Other countries: Diploma equivalent to the minimum qualification needed to study for a LL.M. in a given country
The expected level of English proficiency is level C1 of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). Applicants are required to submit an English international language certificate to demonstrate their level. Candidates who are English native speakers, or have a degree from a university programme entirely taught in English and have written a thesis in English in such a programme, are exempt from submitting a certificate of English proficiency.
Applicants who submit a certificate with a test score below the threshold indicated hereunder may be conditionally admitted but will have to take English language courses during their first year. Sufficient progress in English language skills will be a criterion for admission to the second year.
The following international certificates of English proficiency are recognised by the EUI:
|Type of certificate||Expected test score, considered equivalent to level C1 of the CEFR by the EUI|
|TOEFL (IBT)* - EUI code 9408
|Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE)
*including special TOEFL Home Edition Test, for candidates who are unable to take the test at a test centre due to public health concerns.
The certificate of English proficiency must be attached to the candidate’s application form and submitted by 31 January. Unofficial copies of the above mentioned English proficiency certificates are also accepted.
Candidates who are unable to provide a certificate by 31 January must attach a personal declaration to the application form stating the reason for this. Exemption from the requirement to submit an English international language certificate may be granted in the case of extenuating circumstances. Where the certificate of English proficiency is missing and the applicant is still invited for interview, he or she must take an equivalent English Language Assessment test at the EUI in addition to the interview.
Other EUI Working Languages
Applicants who need to be proficient for their specific research project in another working language(s) of the EUI (French, German, Italian and Spanish) which is not their native language, will be asked to take a spoken and written test when invited for interview.
See also: Language Tests
Before starting your online submission, prepare the required documents:
- one or two page CV
- research proposal of 1000 words. The policy of the EUI is not to offer individual guidance and advice on dissertation proposals. Do not contact potential supervisors but read the information on research themes and indicate one or more professors who could supervise your dissertation in the application form. Your research proposal shows that you are ready to write a LL.M. dissertation that can be supervised at the EUI. The proposal must be written in English or French and must be no longer than 1000 words (including footnotes, references and bibliography). Longer proposals may be excluded from further consideration.The proposal should outline the project that you wish to pursue in your LL.M. dissertation. It should demonstrate command of the state of the art in the field (with references to the literature) and of research methodology within the discipline, formulate a research question and include a short bibliography. Please also note that you will be required to write a short abstract of your research proposal (max 1000 characters) directly on the online application form.
- degree transcript(s) issued by your university listing the exams/courses taken at university, grades/marks awarded and (if applicable) the final degree result. You should also attach your degree transcripts from previous degree/s. Do not attach or send supplementary documents that are not strictly requested, such as traineeships diplomas etc.
- International English language certificate (See Above)
- Copy of an identity document (such as passport or ID card) - JPG format. The copy of your ID document will be only processed by the EUI Administration and the relevant grant authority(ies), it will not be distributed to the EUI Departmental selection committee.
Note that attachments must be PDF using standard international fonts (max size 1MB). Do NOT use macros, special characters, password-protected attachments, electronic signatures or. The EUI reserves the right to verify the authenticity of the certificates you provide with the competent issuing authorities.
Information about References
Applicants should register two academic referees in the online application form and ensure that their reference letters are submitted online (directly by the referees) by the applications deadline of 31 January. References will not be accepted after the deadline.
Note for Candidates
Your referees will be contacted and will be allowed to submit the reference only after you have completed and registered the first step of the online application form including the names and contact details of referees. In order to receive the references in time by the deadline 31 January, you should register the referee details as soon as possible . This is possible any time and you do not yet need to submit the final version of your application at that time.
Applicants to the Department of Law (LL.M. Programme) must register two referees.
When you register your referees' contact details in the online application form, an email requesting a reference on your behalf - featuring an online submission link and relevant instructions - is automatically sent to the referees. Nevertheless, it is your responsibility to contact referees directly to inform them of your request, to verify that they have received the email request and to ensure that they submit the reference by the deadline of 31 January. You can check the status of submission of each reference letter directly on the online application form. Referees are not able to consult your online application details (except your name and the programme you applied for).
References must be submitted by academic referees (ie: Professors, Lectures etc.) who are in a position to give an academic evaluation of your research, intellectual qualities, ability and potential.
Letters of reference from current full-time or part-time EUI professors are not accepted except:
- where the application is from a researcher already registered for an EUI degree (i.e. transfer from LL.M. to Ph.D.)
- where the professor is a member of a different EUI department to the one where the candidate is applying, and who is able to comment on the academic qualities of the candidate
Note for Referees
At the moment when the candidate has registered the referee's details, you as the referee will receive an automated e-mail with access details for submitting your reference letter through a dedicated online portal. The system guarantees full confidentiality of the documents submitted which are not accessible to candidates. Candidates can however directly verify the status of the submission of the reference letter on their application form.
- You should give your opinion of the candidate's intellectual ability, knowledge in his/her field, motivation for research, capacity to work in a group, oral and written expression.
- Please note that only PDF documents (maximum file size limit is 2.00 MB) can be submitted. Please do not send password protected or secured files.
- You may use your own reference format.
- Do not send a hard copy.
- You may write in a language other than English, but English will guarantee the widest possible reading.
If you have any problems submitting the file or require assistance, please do not hesitate to contact the Admissions Office at the following dedicated e-mail address: [email protected]
References are accepted until 31 January. Kindly note that the EUI encourages candidates to apply and register their referees as early as possible: the EUI post-graduate application process is open from early November to 31 January.
You must submit your application and all required documents via the interactive online application form.
The deadline for completing the application form and for the submission of references and all required documents is: 31 January. Applications may be submitted until midnight (24:00 – CET).
There are two distinct phases in the application process:
1. Register as early as possible
You are encouraged to register, inserting your personal and referee details as soon as possible. This is important to allow sufficient time for your referees to submit the reference letters before the deadline. Reference letters will not be accepted after the deadline 31 January (24:00 - CET).
2. Complete and submit your application by the deadline 31 January (24:00 - CET)
Once you have registered you may continue to work on your application (including required documents) until the deadline. Submit the application only when you have filled in all the information correctly and have successfully uploaded the final version of the required documents. Please note that reference letters can be submitted by the registered referees (before the deadline) even after you have submitted your application.
By registering/submitting an application, you give your consent for processing the data as specified in the Privacy Statement for Application and Selection Procedures for EUI Post-Graduate Programmes and in accordance with the EUI’s Data Protection Policy outlined in the Decision of the President No. 10 of 18 February 2019 (EUI Data Protection Policy)
Selection process and schedule
- 1 November: Application procedure opens.
- 31 January: Deadline for applications and references.
- Mid March Invitations for interviews for shortlisted candidates are sent by e-mail. Candidates who are not shortlisted are also informed by e-mail.
- 29-30 March: Shortlisted candidates are interviewed by the departmental panel.
- Mid-April: Candidates are informed of the admission results by e-mail.
- May to July: Formal admission letters are sent by e-mail. Practical information for selected candidates is posted on the Academic Service's web pages. Reserve candidates may be contacted during this period if selected candidates withdraw.
- End of August: Registration of new researchers.
- 1 September: Academic Year begins.
National pre-selection committees have the expertise to interpret academic grades, degrees and rankings of departments and universities and make sure that comparable standards are used for assessing all applicants. Candidates are expected to have sufficient background in theory and research methodology relevant to the discipline and research project.
- Quality of the research proposal
The originality and feasibility of the LL.M. proposal play a crucial role both in the initial pre-selection and the interview.
The department carefully examines whether it can provide suitable supervision for the candidate, taking into account the profile of the department and distribution of supervision among its academic staff for the whole of the period concerned.
All candidates must have a good knowledge of English. The expected minimum level of English language proficiency is C1 of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR).
Complete information on the selection procedure are available in Academic Rules and Regulations for the EUI Doctoral Programme.
See also: Interviews and Language Test
Do not contact us about the outcome of your application or interview. We will keep you informed by email of all developments in your application.
For Frequently Asked Questions please see: FAQs
For further information or should you have problems submitting your online application, contact the Admissions Office at:
Email: [email protected] - Tel.: +39 0554685 373
The policy of the EUI is not to offer individual guidance and advice on dissertation proposals. Do not contact potential supervisors but read the information on research themes and indicate one or more professors who could supervise your dissertation in the application form.
If you have any questions on the programme, grants, requirements, application and selection procedures, please contact the EUI Admissions Office – Email: [email protected]
Applications Deadline: 31 January 2020 (24:00, Florence Time)
The deadline for completing the application form and for the submission of references and all required documents was: 31 January 2021 (24:00 CET). It is no longer possible to apply.
Transfer to the Ph.D. Programme
LL.M. researchers may apply to transfer to the four-year Doctoral Programme in Law by seeking admission directly to the second year. Interested researchers must file an online application following the standard Ph.D. application procedure.
The application must be presented by January and will be considered by the Department on a case by case basis, taking into account the excellence of the candidate and the prospects of developing the LL.M. into a Ph.D. thesis.
In order to be admitted to the Ph.D. programme an LL.M. researcher must meet the eligibility criteria of the relevant grant authority and submit a Ph.D. proposal, which will be defended in an interview and will be subject to competitive assessment together with other Ph.D. applications submitted to the Department. The results of the selection should be known by mid-April.
LL.M. researchers who are admitted to the Ph.D. programme receive a grant under the same conditions as doctoral researchers.
Page last updated on 31 January 2021