Migrant integration is at the top of the political agenda in many European countries. The acquisition of citizenship through naturalisation is often regarded, in political discourse, as a reward for a successfully completed integration, or as an incentive to reach this goal. Yet not all migrants have the same opportunities or face the same obstacles when it comes to building up a life in a new country. As result, not everyone has an equal interest to naturalise, which also affects the relation between citizenship and integration. Moreover, the requirements for citizenship vary between countries, as well as within countries over time, and these also affect migrants differently. Researching why, how, and for whom citizenship status transition matters, and how varying policies impact on this relation, comes with specific methodological challenges about causal relations and possible confounding factors. To address these challenges, researchers often make use of experimental or quasi-experimental designs, which enjoy increasing popularity in the social sciences. In this workshop we discuss a selection of state-of-the-art papers focused on identifying cause-and-effect relations on immigrant naturalisation and associated outcomes. The one-day workshop is purposely kept small-scale and informal to guarantee sufficient time for in-depth discussion of the various papers.
The workshop is organized by the ERC-funded project Migrant Life Course and Legal Status Transition, Global Citizenship research area, Global Governance Programme, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, EUI.