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Research project

EUDIC - EU Foreign Policy Differentiation and Integration: Informal Groups in EU Approach to Conflicts and Crises

EUDIC addresses the occurrence of informal groups of EU Member States in EU foreign policy post-Lisbon.

This project has received funding under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement n. 892444)

Thanks to the2009 Lisbon Treaty, after decades of progressively increasing centralization among Member States, the EU should havefinally obtained a coherent foreign policy and a more unified apparatus for supporting it. Yet on several occasions arestricted number of Member States, and at times EU institutions, steered EU foreign policy post-Lisbon, often bycooperating with non-EU countries in international contact groups. As this phenomenon suggests a fragmentation of the EUinstitutional scene, EUDIC's main contribution will be to explain why and to what effect informal groups persisted in the post-Lisbon era. By doings so, this project will advance our understanding of EU Member States’ practices of cooperation in thepost-Lisbon EU foreign policy governance. EUDIC will rely on an interdisciplinary approach combining political science,international relations and sociology, while adopting an innovative mixed-method design. It will focus on EU approach toconflicts and crises. Within this empirical field, it will zoom-in on three sub-cases in which informal groups of EU MemberStates cooperated with non-EU actors in international contact groups: Kosovo - Group of Informal Dialogue on the BalkansQuint -; Syria - Friends of Syria Group -; and Venezuela - International Contact Group on Venezuela -. To addressleadership dynamics, it will also provide an in-depth analysis of the role of Italy. Not only has Italy strong commercial andpolitical links with these countries, but this Member State also took part to all the groupings under consideration. EUDIC’sfindings will be published in a monograph, two journal articles and will be disseminated to a non-specialized audience viaoutreach initiatives

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