Once the supervisor is satisfied that the thesis is close to completion and of the required standard, the supervisor will propose the membership of an Examining Committee (thesis jury) for the approval of the Executive Committee. This Examining Committee (usually consisting of four members and including the supervisor (always a member), one other internal member of the Economics Department, and two external examiners whose specialist knowledge is relevant for the topic of the thesis).
Members of the Examining Committee will be sent a copy of the thesis, an examiner's report form and a copy of the thesis guidelines, and are expected to read and give comments in writing on the suitability of the thesis within 2 months of the thesis being posted to them (3 months if in the summer).
Members of the Examining Committee should complete the report form and send it, together with any further comments on the thesis (including changes they wish to see prior to defence), to the supervisor's administrative assistant, who will then communicate them to the supervisor and the candidate. If all examiners are in agreement, the supervisor will then initiate arrangements for the public defence of the thesis.
If one or more members of the Examining Committee require changes to be made to the thesis before a public defence then a new version will be prepared by the candidate, which in general will only be sent for approval to those members who required the changes. This version may be sent to all members for approval at the discretion of the Chairman of the Exam Committee taking into account the advice of the supervisor (all members of the jury will of course eventually receive the version that is to be examined at the public defence).
The Economics Department does not normally arrange for a public defence of a Ph.D. thesis, until all the examiners have indicated in writing that they expect the defence to be successful. However, under EUI rules, a candidate does have the right to call for a public defence regardless of the recommendation of the Examining Committee.