EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions
EU-SILC is a cross-sectional and longitudinal sample survey, coordinated by Eurostat, based on data from the European Union member states. EU-SILC provides data on income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions in the European Union. EU-SILC stands for 'European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions.' There are two data scopes:
- Cross-sectional data pertaining to fixed time periods, with variables on income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions, and
- Longitudinal data pertaining to individual-level changes over time, usually observed over four years.
The 2019 EU-SILC data coverage table is at this link.
Social exclusion and housing-condition observations are collected at household level. Income data is collected at personal level, with some components included in the 'Household' section. Labour, education and health observations only apply to persons aged 16 or older.
EU-SILC was established to provide data on structural indicators of social cohesion (at-risk-of-poverty rate, S80/S20 and gender pay gap) and to provide relevant data for the two 'open methods of coordination' in the field of social inclusion and pensions in Europe.
The EU-SILC 2019 update extended data coverage to 2017. Eurostat periodically issues revisions of earlier waves. Dates of revisions are indicated below. Coverage is from 2004 to 2017.
- EU-SILC 2017 cross-sectional (April 2019)
- EU-SILC 2017 longitudinal (April 2019)
- EU-SILC 2016 cross-sectional (November 2017)
- EU-SILC 2016 longitudinal (April 2018)
- EU-SILC 2015 cross-sectional (rev. 1 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2015 longitudinal (June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2014 cross-sectional (rev. 2 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2014 longitudinal (rev.1 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2013 cross-sectional (rev.3 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2013 longitudinal (rev.3 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2012 cross-sectional (rev.4 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2012 longitudinal (rev.4 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2011 cross-sectional (rev.5 / June 2017)
- EU-SILC 2011 longitudinal (rev.4 / August 2016)
- EU-SILC 2010 cross-sectional (rev.5 / June 2015)
- EU-SILC 2010 longitudinal (rev.4 / August 2014)
- EU-SILC 2009 cross-sectional (rev.6 / June 2015)
- EU-SILC 2009 longitudinal (rev.3 / April 2013)
- EU-SILC 2008 cross-sectional (rev.6 / June 2015)
- EU-SILC 2008 longitudinal (rev.3 / June 2012)
- EU-SILC 2007 cross-sectional (rev.4 / March 2011)
- EU-SILC 2007 longitudinal (rev.3 / March 2011)
- EU-SILC 2006 cross-sectional (rev.1 / March 2010)
- EU-SILC 2006 longitudinal (February 2008)
- EU-SILC 2005 cross-sectional (rev.1 / September 2009)
- EU-SILC 2005 longitudinal (February 2008)
- EU-SILC 2004 cross-sectional (rev.3 / June 2015)
The data dossier is structured as follows:
- Cross-sectional data
- Longitudinal data
- Metadata (for all waves)
An overview of the database is given on the Eurostat EU-SILC page.
The 2019 EU-SILC data coverage table is at this link.
Documentation on known data issues, data modifications and collation methodology are on the EU-SILC support platform.
GESIS (Leibnitz/Mannheim) provides transfer routines from .csv to Stata and SPSS and tools for identifying EU-SILC variables by type of data, reference period, unit of observation and mode of collection.
Current EUI members can apply to access EU-SILC micro data as follows. Please note that the Eurostat application process can take up to two months due to clearing procedures with EU member state statistical agencies. The EUI is a Eurostat-recognised research entity.
- Complete the Library's Micro Data Registration Form (selecting 'EU-SILC' in the dropdown menu)
- The EUI Researcher - or Principal Investigator in a research team - must create an EU Login to apply for Eurostat micro data access
- Special note: Eurostat informs that for EUI researchers - it is necessary to use a non-institutional (non-EUI) personal email account for the creation of the EU Login. It is not necessary for all members of a research team to create an EU login; only the person submitting the application.
- Project applications are made using the online Microdata Access Workflow Tool
- Before completing the form, consult the Eurostat EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions description page for details of EU-SILC variables, reference years and population
- The Principal Researcher is normally the Project Supervisor / Professor
- The EUI Data Manager is Thomas Bourke
- The names and contact details of all individual researchers on the project must be included in the form. Here the EUI e-mail addresse(s) and contact details are to be used
- Write to [email protected] for the Research Entity ID number and the description of the EUI's secure data environment
- After receipt of the micro data access application, the Eurostat technical unit may send preliminary feedback to the Principal Investigator (or to the person who submitted the application, this can be individual researcher)
- If the application is approved by Eurostat, the applicant(s) must sign and return the Eurostat micro data access contract
- Eurostat sends the signed application to the EU Member States' statistical agencies for final consultations
- The applicant(s) must also complete the online EUI Data Registration Form (selecting 'EU-SILC' from the dropdown menu) and sign the internal EUI Conditions of Use agreement
- The Library then provides access to the data.
Eurostat informs that, upon conclusion of the user-contract, no other person is eligible to access the data. Breach of these conditions may lead to the withdrawal of the EUI's research entity recognition, and the potential loss of access to Eurostat micro data by other scholars at the EUI.
The EUI is a Eurostat-recognised research entity.
EU-SILC is not available to short-term visitors at the EUI and is not available off campus.
Member State statistical agencies and Eurostat reserve the right to decline access to EU-SILC data.
The GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences maintains the Metadata for Official Statistics Support Portal for European micro data. Detailed metadata and documentation for EU-AES and other micro datasets are available.
The service is part of MISSY - the GESIS Microdata Information System - providing support for users of European micro data.
“MISSY pools a broad spectrum of metadata in one centralised resource. This includes information on series, such as access conditions or details on data collection in participating countries, as well as detailed information on variables such as frequencies, filter information or question wordings... Users can choose between systematic accesses via a series, the variable-over-time matrix which lists the availability of variables in table form or a thematically sorted access to all studies. Additionally selected variables can be visualised in a comparison table.”
Data Citation and disclaimer
Researchers must cite the source of EU-SILC data as follows:
"This study/report/paper is based on data from Eurostat, EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions [reference year(s)]."
The following disclaimer must be added: "The responsibility for all conclusions drawn from the data lies entirely with the author(s)."
- EU-Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) cross-sectional and longitudinal household sample survey. EU-LFS is collated by Eurostat from data provided by the EU member states, three EFTA countries and three EU-candidate countries. The database provides observations on labour market participation and persons outside the labour force
- EU-Adult Education Survey (EU-AES) provides data on formal, non-formal and informal education and training in the European Union, covering a sample of persons from 25 to 64 years of age
- EUROMOD, a micro-simulation model for EU tax and benefits' research, is available under the EUI's institutional contract with the University of Essex Institute for Social & Economic Research
- European statistical data resources (EUI Library directory).
Contact: Thomas Bourke at [email protected]