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Trade in Value-Added (OECD-WTO)


Data description


The Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database provides statistics on international trade, supply chains, component sourcing and global economic integration. TiVA uses an OECD-WTO  methodology designed to reflect the complexity of international production. Underlying observations are from the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database.

OECD statistical data is available via the OECD iLibrary.

The TiVA database covers 64 economies - including all OECD countries, EU member states and the G20. 16 manufacturing sectors and 14 service sectors are covered.

The OECD and WTO provide this list of indicators for TiVA:

  • Domestic and foreign value added content of gross exports by exporting industry
  • Services content of gross exports by exporting industry, by type of service and by value added
  • Participation in global value chains (GVCs) via intermediate imports embodied in exports (backward linkages) and domestic value added in partners’ exports (forward linkages)
  • ‘Global orientation’ of industrial activity; i.e. share of industry valued added that meets foreign final demand
  • Origins of value added in final demand, by source country and source industry, including the origin of value added in final consumption (by households and government) and in gross fixed capital formation (investment by businesses)
  • Bilateral trade relationships based on flows of value added embodied in domestic final demand
  • Inter-regional and intra-regional relationships.

TiVA uses observations from the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database, compiled from both national and international sources, and collated using official national accounts (SNA93) by sectoral activity and main aggregates. 


Time period
  • Coverage: 2005-2018.


Support links


How to access data


Related trade and industrial data resources:


Data homepage

Contact: [email protected] 


Page last updated on 04 March 2024

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