Trade in Value-Added (OECD-WTO)
Trade in Value Added provides data on international trade, supply chains, component sourcing and global economic integration. TiVA uses a methodology designed by the OECD and the WTO to reflect the complexity of international production. Underlying observations are from the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database.
EUI members have access to all OECD data via the online OECD iLibrary.
The TiVA database covers 61 economies - including all OECD countries, the 28 EU member states and the G20. 16 manufacturing, and 14 service sectors are covered.
The OECD and WTO provide this list of indicators for TiVA:
- Domestic and foreign value added content of gross exports by exporting industry
- Services content of gross exports by exporting industry, by type of service and by value added
- Participation in global value chains (GVCs) via intermediate imports embodied in exports (backward linkages) and domestic value added in partners’ exports (forward linkages)
- ‘Global orientation’ of industrial activity; i.e. share of industry valued added that meets foreign final demand
- Origins of value added in final demand, by source country and source industry, including the origin of value added in final consumption (by households and government) and in gross fixed capital formation (investment by businesses)
- Bilateral trade relationships based on flows of value added embodied in domestic final demand
- Inter-regional and intra-regional relationships.
TiVA uses observations from the OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database, compiled from both national and international sources, and collated using official national accounts (SNA93) by sectoral activity and main aggregates.
- Update: October 2015
- Coverage: 1995-2011.
Related trade and industrial data resources:
Contact: Thomas Bourke at [email protected]